U.S. flag

An official website of the United States government

end of header


You are here: Census.govHistoryThrough the DecadesFast Facts › 1930 Fast Facts
Skip top of page navigation

Fast Facts

POP Culture: 1930

ICONS: FDR, 1936 Berlin Olympics, Hindenburg
FDR Jesse Owens Hindenburg

  • 3M employee Richard Drew invents Scotch Brand Cellulose Tape in 1930. Today, it is widely known simply as "Scotch Tape."
  • The Mickey Mouse comic strip debuts in the January 13, 1930, edition of the New York Mirror.
  • On October 17, 1931, Chicago gangster Al Capone was convicted of income tax evasion and later sentenced to 11 years in federal prison.
  • Democrat Franklin D. Roosevelt defeats incumbant Republican Herbert Hoover in the 1932 election.
  • The Boulder Dam (today known as "Hoover Dam") is completed 2 years ahead of schedule on March 1, 1936.
  • Jesse Owens wins four gold medals during the 1936 Summer Olympics.
  • Ty Cobb, Walter Johnson, Christy Mathewson, Babe Ruth, and Honus Wagner become the first inductees into the National Baseball Hall of Fame in 1936.
  • The German airship Hindenburg is destroyed while attempting to land at the Lakehurst Naval Air Station on May 6, 1937.
  • American aviation pioneer Amelia Earhart disappears over the Pacific Ocean while attempting to circumnavigate the globe, July 2, 1937.
  • Superman debuts in Action Comics #1 in June 1938.
  • Gone with the Wind wins the Academy Award for "Best Picture" in 1939.

The 1930 Census


10 Largest Urban Places

U.S. Resident Population: 123,202,624 Rank Place Population
Population per square mile of land area: 34.7 1 New York City, NY 6,930,446
Percent increase of population from 1920 to 1930: 16.2 2 Chicago, IL 3,376,438
Official Enumeration Date: April 1 3 Philadelphia, PA 1,950,961
Number of States: 48 4 Detroit, MI 1,568,662
Cost: $40,156,000 5 Los Angeles, CA 1,238,048
Cost per Capita (cents): 32.6 6 Cleveland, OH 900,429
Total Pages in Published Reports: 35,700 7 St. Louis, MO 821,960
Number of Enumerators: 87,756 8 Baltimore, MD 804,874
Census Bureau Director: William M. Steuart 9 Boston, MA 781,188
Number of Questions Asked: 34 10 Pittsburgh, PA 669,817

[an error occurred while processing this directive] This symbol Off Site indicates a link to a non-government web site. Our linking to these sites does not constitute an endorsement of any products, services or the information found on them. Once you link to another site you are subject to the policies of the new site.
Is this page helpful?
Thumbs Up Image Yes Thumbs Down Image No
255 characters maximum 255 characters maximum reached
Thank you for your feedback.
Comments or suggestions?
Source: U.S. Census Bureau | Census History Staff | Last Revised: December 05, 2022