U.S. flag

An official website of the United States government

Skip Header
Search data, events, resources, and more

Bring your classroom to life with real world data. Select an activity that supplements what you are currently teaching in subjects including English, Math, Geography and History.
Increase the data literacy of your students with resources that display data in fun ways. Choose from monthly Fun Facts, 5-Minute Challenge warm-up activities, maps, videos and more.
Statistics in Schools activities are based on relevant education standards and guidelines that outline the foundational knowledge and skills students should have at certain levels.
Statistics in Schools is a free Census Bureau program that uses the data to create resources for K-12 students in a variety of subjects.

19th Century Immigration - Causes & Effects

19th Century Immigration - Causes & Effects

Activity Description


Students will examine and interpret a population chart published in 1898 — depicting changes in the makeup of the United States across time in three categories, “foreign stock,” “native stock,” and “colored” — as well as an 1893 political cartoon about immigration. Students will also explain the causes and effects of population change in the late 19th century.

Suggested Grade Level


Approximate Time Required

45 minutes

Learning Objectives

  • Students will be able to interpret a historical chart depicting changes in the makeup of the U.S. population from 1790 through 1890.
  • Students will be able to use the chart data and information in a political cartoon to explain changes that resulted from immigration to the United States in the late 19th century.

Materials Required

The student version of this activity, 4 pages; it contains images that should be printed in color.

Activity Items

The following items are part of this activity. Items, their sources, and any relevant instructions for viewing them
online appear at the end of this teacher version.

  • Growth of the Elements of the Population, 1790–1890
  • “Looking Backward” Political Cartoon, Published 1893

Teacher Notes

Blooms Taxonomy

Blooms Taxonomy

Students will analyze primary sources in the forms of a historical chart and a political cartoon.


High School History


  • Immigration in the late 19th century
  • Industrialization
  • Population change

Skills Taught

  • Analyzing change over time
  • Analyzing a political cartoon
  • Examining primary sources
  • Identifying cause and effect
Page Last Revised - October 8, 2021
Is this page helpful?
Thumbs Up Image Yes Thumbs Down Image No
255 characters maximum 255 characters maximum reached
Thank you for your feedback.
Comments or suggestions?


Back to Header