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19th Century Immigration - Causes & Effects

Component ID: #ti1747747886

Activity Description

Students will examine and interpret a population chart published in 1898 — depicting changes in the makeup of the United States across time in three categories, “foreign stock,” “native stock,” and “colored” — as well as an 1893 political cartoon about immigration. Students will also explain the causes and effects of population change in the late 19th century.

Component ID: #ti253502717

Suggested Grade Level


Component ID: #ti253502716

Approximate Time Required

45 minutes

Component ID: #ti253502715

Learning Objectives

  • Students will be able to interpret a historical chart depicting changes in the makeup of the U.S. population from 1790 through 1890.
  • Students will be able to use the chart data and information in a political cartoon to explain changes that resulted from immigration to the United States in the late 19th century.

Component ID: #ti253502714

Materials Required

The student version of this activity, 4 pages; it contains images that should be printed in color.

Component ID: #ti253502713

Activity Items

The following items are part of this activity. Items, their sources, and any relevant instructions for viewing them
online appear at the end of this teacher version.

  • Growth of the Elements of the Population, 1790–1890
  • “Looking Backward” Political Cartoon, Published 1893

Teacher Notes

Blooms Taxonomy

Blooms Taxonomy

Students will analyze primary sources in the forms of a historical chart and a political cartoon.


High School History


  • Immigration in the late 19th century
  • Industrialization
  • Population change

Skills Taught

  • Analyzing change over time
  • Analyzing a political cartoon
  • Examining primary sources
  • Identifying cause and effect
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