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Bring your classroom to life with real world data. Select an activity that supplements what you are currently teaching in subjects including English, Math, Geography and History.
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Statistics in Schools activities are based on relevant education standards and guidelines that outline the foundational knowledge and skills students should have at certain levels.
Statistics in Schools is a free Census Bureau program that uses the data to create resources for K-12 students in a variety of subjects.

# Describing and Comparing Data Distributions

### Activity Description

Students will use data on the organization, spending, and populations of governments at different levels (city or town, county, and state) to compare and contrast the distributions of these variables in graphs, analyzing the shape, center, and spread of each.

9

50 minutes

### Learning Objectives

• Students will be able to compare and contrast data distributions in terms of shape, center, and spread.
• Students will be able to describe key features of a histogram or box plot.

### Materials Required

• The student version of this activity, 11 pages
• Calculators
• Graph paper

A graphing calculator or other graphing technology and a teacher computer with a projector are optional.

### Activity Items

The following items are part of this activity. The items, their data sources, and any relevant instructions for viewing the source data online appear at the end of this teacher version.

• Population, Land Area, and Other Data for the 50 U.S. States and District of Columbia
• Income, Employment, and Other Demographic Data for the 50 U.S. States and District of Columbia

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## Teacher Notes

#### Blooms Taxonomy

Analyzing

Students will analyze histograms and box plots to describe and compare data distributions, deciding the appropriate summary statistics to report and investigating their own questions.

High School Math

• Box plots
• Histograms

#### Skills Taught

• Comparing and contrasting the shapes of data distributions
Page Last Revised - October 8, 2021