U.S. flag

An official website of the United States government

Skip Header

2022 American Community Survey 1-year estimates are now available.

graphical representation of a citizenship ceremony

We ask questions about a person's place of birth, citizenship, and year of entry into the United States to create data about citizens, noncitizens, and the foreign-born population.

Agencies and policymakers use our published statistics to set and evaluate immigration policies and laws, understand the experience of different immigrant groups, and enforce laws, policies, and regulations against discrimination based on national origin. These statistics also help tailor services to accommodate cultural differences.

Your privacy concerns

We use your confidential survey answers to create statistics like those in the results below and in the full tables that contain all the data—no one is able to figure out your survey answers from the statistics we produce. The Census Bureau is legally bound to strict confidentiality requirements. Individual records are not shared with anyone, including federal agencies and law enforcement entities. By law, the Census Bureau cannot share respondents' answers with anyone—not the IRS, not the FBI, not the CIA, and not with any other government agency.

Questions as they appear on the form

We ask three questions that cover information on place of birth, citizenship, and year of entry to better understand the composition of our nation's changing population.

Results from these questions

We compile the results from these questions to provide communities with important statistics to help ensure equal opportunity, educate children, and understand change. You can see some of these published statistics here for the nation, states, and your community.

United States

View Results for a State

View Results for a County or City / Town in (↑ change state using menu above ↑)

Place of birth, citizenship, and date of entry data help communities:

Data Visualization: The Foreign-Born Workforce

Click the image to view the interactive data visualization.


[Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2019 American Community Survey, 1-Year Estimates]

Is this page helpful?
Thumbs Up Image Yes Thumbs Down Image No
255 characters maximum 255 characters maximum reached
Thank you for your feedback.
Comments or suggestions?
Back to Header