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Documentation for the 2018-2022 American Community Survey 5-year estimates is now available. Data will be released on December 7th.

Are you curious about why we ask questions related to a specific topic on the American Community Survey (ACS)? Every question has a required purpose and many uses to help communities.

Select a topic below to browse some of the most popular results from these questions and view the question as it appears on the form. We also provide information on the origin of the question, how we protect your privacy, and how ACS statistics help communities.

If you are interested in learning more about how a question gets added to the ACS, check out the How a Question Becomes a Part of the American Community Survey infographic.

Why we ask about...
Acreage and Agricultural Sales
1cHousing Questions: 4, 5
acres, farm, agriculture, agricultural, business, medical office, store, barber shop
2dPerson Question: 4
babies, child, children, teens, teenagers, kids, adults, seniors, date of birth, year of birth
2jPerson Question: 13
ancestry, ethnic, descent, root, heritage, origin, Italian, Jamaican, African American, Cambodian, Cape Verdean, Norwegian, Dominican, French Canadian, Haitian, Korean, Lebanese, Polish, Nigerian, Mexican, Taiwanese, Ukrainian
Commuting / Journey to Work
2vPerson Questions: 31, 32, 33, 34, 35
work location, place of work, commuting, commute time, time leaving home, bicycle, carpool, bus, subway, metro, taxi, motorcyle, walk, work at home, commute, travel, car, truck, van, trolley, streetcar, elevated, railroad, ferry
Computer and Internet Use
1eHousing Questions 9, 10, 11
computer, internet, broadband, subscription, dial-up, DSL, cable modem, fiber-optic, mobile, satellite, desktop, laptop, netbook, notebook, handheld, smart phone, android, iphone, ipad, tablet
2oPerson Questions: 18, 19, 20
disability, disabled, handicap, mobility, hearing, blind, physical, mental, emotional, concentrating, remembering, walking, climbing, stairs, dressing, bathing, errands, doctor's office, shopping
Educational Attainment, Undergraduate Field of Degree
2iPerson Questions: 11, 12
high school, graduate, college, study, major, undergraduate, chemical engineering, elementary teacher education, organizational psychology, school, education level, major of bachelor's degree
Employment Status
2uPerson Questions: 30, 36, 37, 38, 39
employment, work, work last week, employed, employment, job, career
Family / Relationship to Householder
2bPerson Question: 2
family, relationships, husband, wife, spouse, son, daughter, adopt, step, child, parent, father, mother, in-law, relative, roomer, roommate, partner, foster, related
2rPerson Question: 25
fertility, birth, birth rate, born, baby, children, mom, mother
Food Stamps Benefit
1jHousing Question: 15
Food Stamps, SNAP, nutrition, supplemental, nutrition, assistance, program, WIC, lunch, food bank
Grandparents as Caregivers
2sPerson Question: 26
grandparents, caregivers, generations, child, parent, grandma, grandpa, grandchildren, grandkid, grandkids
Health Insurance Coverage
2nPerson Question: 16, 17
uninsured, health insurance, Medicaid, Medicare, marketplace, affordable care act, exchange, medical assistance, VA, Indian Health Service
Hispanic Origin
2ePerson Question: 5
hispanic, latino, spanish origin, mexican, Puerto Rican, Cuban, Chicano, Argentinean, Colombian, Dominican, Nicaraguan, Salvadoran, Spaniard
Home Heating Fuel
1hHousing Question: 13
heating fuel, utilities, heat, electric, gas, propane, coal, wood, solar, bottled, tank, LP, oil, kerosene, coke
Housing Costs for Owners
1iHousing Questions: 14, 16, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24
utilities, condo fees, monthly housing costs, insurance, home loans, mortgage, real estate taxes, gas, water, sewer, oil, wood, coal, kerosene, heating costs, second mortgage, home equity, howeowners insurance, fire, hazard, flood, property taxes, taxes, insurance, loan, free, clear, electricity, electric, propane, fuel, bottled, tank, LP, coal, coke, solar energy
2zPerson Questions: 43, 44
income, poverty, wages, salary, earnings, retirement, public assistance, social security, dividends
Industry, Occupation, and Class of Worker
2yPerson Questions: 42
occupation, job, type of employee, industry, field, pay, work, business, manufacturing, wholesale, trade, retail, agriculture, construction, service, government, job, employment, type of employee, private, self-employed, public, family business, for-profit, government, not incorporated, without pay
Language Spoken at Home
2lPerson Question: 14
language, English, speak, second language, ESL, Korean, Italian, Spanish, Vietnamese, French, Chinese, Hindi
Marital Status / Marital History
2pPerson Questions: 21, 22, 23, 24
marital history, married, marry, divorced, marriage, divorce, single, widow, widowed, never married, times married, year last married, widow, separated
2aPerson Question: 1
name, last name, first name
Ownership, Home Value, Rent
1kHousing Questions: 17, 18, 19
ownership, rent, property value, tenure, owned, mortgage, rented, home equity, loan, sale, sell
Place of Birth, Citizenship, Year of Entry
2gPerson Questions: 7, 8, 9
citizenship, place of birth, year of entry, naturalization, foreign, citizen, born, country
Plumbing Facilities, Kitchen Facilities, Telephone Service
1dHousing Question: 7, 8
toilet, tub, running water, shower, telephone, refrigerator, stove, range, sink, oven, faucet, phone
2fPerson Question: 6
race, black, african american, white, asian, non-hispanic, american indian, alaska native, hawaiian, chinese, korean, guamanian, chamorro, filipino, vietnamese, samoan, japanese, hmong, laotian, thai, pakistani, cambodian, fijan, tongan
Residence 1 Year Ago/Migration
2mPerson Question: 15
residence 1 year ago, residency, move, moved, address
School Enrollment
2hPerson Question: 10
school level, grade, attend school, attend college, education, dropout, level, public, private, nursery, preschool, children, kindergarten, college, undergraduate, graduate, professional, bachelor, MA, Ph.D., PhD, medical, law
2cPerson Question: 3
sex, male, female, men, women, gender
Units in Structure, Rooms, Bedrooms
1aHousing Questions: 1, 6
type of building, number of rooms, number of bedrooms, boat, rv, van, mobile homeoccupancy, density, house, apartment, rooms, bedrooms, home
Vehicles Available
1fHousing Question: 12
automobiles, vans, trucks, cars, vehicle, SUV
Veteran Status
2tPerson Questions: 27, 28, 29
veteran, active duty, military, disabled veteran, disability, armed forces, Reserves, gulf war, vietnam, korean, wwII, WWI, world war
Work Status Last Year
2wPerson Questions: 40, 41
employment, employment status, weeks worked, unemployed, employed, full-time, parttime, part-time, 52 weeks
Year Built and Year Moved In
1bHousing Questions: 2, 3
year built, year moved in, housing stock, move

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