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2016-2020 American Community Survey 5-year estimates are now available, including the Public Use Microdata Sample (PUMS) Files and Variance Replicate Estimate (VRE) Tables.

graphical representation of a community highlighting structures, rooms, bedrooms

We ask questions about the units in the structure, number of rooms, and number of bedrooms to create data about housing types and housing density.

Local, state, tribal, and federal agencies use these data in government programs to analyze whether adequate housing is available and affordable for residents, and to provide and fund housing assistance programs. The number of rooms in combination with the number of people living in a unit provides a ratio of people to rooms, which can be used to measure the extent of overcrowding in our nation's households. These statistics also help enforce laws, policies, and regulations against discrimination in government programs and in society.

Your privacy concerns

We use your confidential survey answers to create statistics like those in the results below and in the full tables that contain all the data—no one is able to figure out your survey answers from the statistics we produce. The Census Bureau is legally bound to strict confidentiality requirements. Individual records are not shared with anyone, including federal agencies and law enforcement entities. By law, the Census Bureau cannot share respondents' answers with anyone—not the IRS, not the FBI, not the CIA, and not with any other government agency.

Questions as they appear on the form

We ask two questions about the units in the structure, number of rooms, and number of bedrooms to produce statistics about housing types and housing density.

Results from these questions

We compile the results from these questions to provide communities with important statistics for infrastructure development and emergency planning. You can see some of these published statistics here for the nation, states, and your community.

United States

View Results for a State

View Results for a County or City / Town in (↑ change state using menu above ↑)

Units in structure, rooms, and bedrooms data help communities:


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