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U.S. Census Bureau Data Shows Gulf Coast’s Recovery from Hurricane Katrina

Mon Aug 24 2015
John H. Thompson
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Ten years ago, Hurricane Katrina struck the U.S. Gulf Coast, forever altering the lives of many of its residents. As we pause to reflect on the impact of the storm, we can see a story of recovery told through Census Bureau statistics on population, housing and businesses.

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Since 2005, communities in Louisiana, Alabama, Mississippi and Florida continue to rebuild, undergoing significant changes as new homes, schools and businesses replace those damaged or lost to the storm. Census Bureau population estimates show that last year New Orleans returned to the nation’s list of 50 most populous cities for the first time since the storm. In the year after Katrina, its population decreased by more than half to 230,172. While it has not returned to its pre-Katrina level of 494,294, the city’s most recent population totaled 384,320 residents.

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While the population continues to rebound in New Orleans, so too do businesses. Some types of businesses have even surpassed pre-Katrina levels, especially hotels, gas stations and restaurants.

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In Mississippi, which saw significant damage in many coastal towns, the story is also one of recovery. In fact, the three coastline counties – Hancock, Harrison and Jackson – now have more residents than they did in 2005, with a combined population of 386,144. Looking at towns such as Bay Saint Louis and Pass Christian, we see that their populations have also increased.

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Not only can Census Bureau statistics tell us about the recovery from events like Hurricane Katrina, but they can also provide important information about communities for emergency preparedness. Our population estimates help determine the number of people affected by disasters. Our demographic and economic information – like that from the American Community Survey –  assists first responders in identifying the size of populations that may be vulnerable or need extra assistance, such as those with a disability or who speak a language other than English at home. Census Bureau surveys also provide critically important statistics on topics like access to transportation, the number of residents who are elderly or disabled, and how people commute each day.

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I’m pleased that the Census Bureau is able to contribute to recovery efforts by providing data on the affected people and businesses to policymakers and planners. These statistics inform decisions that will help Gulf Coast communities rebuild and plan for the future. We look forward to measuring your growth for years to come.

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For more information about the effects of Hurricane Katrina on Louisiana, Mississippi and other affected areas, see this special edition of our Profile America Facts for Features.

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FACTS FOR FEATURES & SPECIAL EDITIONS

Hurricane Katrina 10th Anniversary: Aug. 29, 2015
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