U.S. flag

An official website of the United States government

Skip Header

Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) Eligibility & Access

Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) Eligibility & Access

The U.S. Department of Agriculture’s (USDA) Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) is the largest federal program to reduce domestic hunger, reaching nearly 40 million people in an average month during fiscal year 2020. A recent report estimates that 18 percent of those eligible for benefits nationwide did not participate in the program in 2018.

This visualization represents the joint efforts of the U.S. Census Bureau, the USDA’s Food and Nutrition Service, the USDA’s Economic Research Service, and our state partners to increase understanding of current SNAP program access and inform future SNAP program outreach. The visualization uses American Community Survey data linked to state administrative records to model estimates of SNAP eligibility and access rates at the state and county levels. Using linked data allows us to estimate eligibility and access for a wide range of characteristics. More information on how we estimate SNAP eligibility is available in Newman and Scherpf (2013), and information on the methodology used to link data sources is available in Wagner and Layne (2014).

Constance Newman and Erik Scherpf, “Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) Access at the State and County Levels: Evidence From Texas SNAP Administrative Records and the American Community Survey,” ERR-156, U.S. Department of Agriculture, Economic Research Service, 2013.

Deborah Wagner and Mary Layne, “The Person Identification Validation System (PVS): Applying the Center for Administrative Records Research and Applications’ (CARRA) Record Linkage Software,” CARRA Working Paper Series: WP #2014-01, U.S. Census Bureau, Washington, DC, 2014, <www.census.gov/content/dam/Census/library/working-papers/2014/adrm/carra-wp-2014-01.pdf>.

Related Information

Page Last Revised - January 17, 2023
Is this page helpful?
Thumbs Up Image Yes Thumbs Down Image No
255 characters maximum 255 characters maximum reached
Thank you for your feedback.
Comments or suggestions?


Back to Header