This series features research in economics and other social sciences, by Census Bureau and FSRDC researchers, using restricted-use Census Bureau microdata.
The Radius of Economic Opportunity: Evidence from Migration and Local Labor Markets
Most young adults don’t move far from home. 80% live within 100 miles of where they grew up. The prospect of better pay has limited impact on moving decisions.
Diversity and Labor Market Outcomes in the Economics Profession
We study placements and earnings of PhD economists by gender and race using the Survey of Earned Doctorates and Longitudinal Employer-Household Dynamics data.
Decomposing Aggregate Productivity
Within the universe of US manufacturers, we find that results on aggregate productivity are sensitive to how productivity at the firm level is measured.
The Impact of Household Surveys on 2020 Census Self-Response
Households who were recently sampled in the American Community Survey or the Current Population Survey had a lower self-response rate to the 2020 Census.
Stigma Free Lunch: School Meals and Student Discipline
We analyze the effects of universal free lunch provision on K-12 suspension rates, and find pronounced reductions for low-income and Hispanic students.
Comparing the 2019 American Housing Survey to Contemporary Sources of Property Tax Records: Implications for Survey Efficiency and Quality
Researchers at CES and HUD explore the potential of property tax assessment records to improve or replace information collected by the American Housing Survey.
Agglomeration Spillovers and Persistence: New Evidence from Large Plan
Highly incentivized new plant openings do not generally generate productivity spillovers but are associated with positive increases in manufacturing shares.
The Matching Multiplier and the Amplification of Recessions
Unequal incidence of recessions in the labor market amplifies aggregate shocks.
Structural Change Within Versus Across Firms: Evidence from the United States
We document the role of intangible capital in manufacturing firms' substantial contribution to non-manufacturing employment growth from 1977-2019.
Age, Sex, and Racial/Ethnic Disparities and Temporal-Spatial Variation in Excess All-Cause Mortality During the COVID-19 Pandemic: Evidence from Linked Administrative and Census Bureau Data
We detail excess all-cause mortality in the first year of the pandemic and its implications for entrenched racial/ethnic mortality disparities in the U.S.
Shareholder Power and the Decline of Labor
This paper uses the LBD to show that establishments that experience an increase in concentrated institutional ownership have lower employment and wages.
Improving Estimates of Neighborhood Change with Constant Tract Boundaries
Differential privacy (DP) can protect confidentiality while reducing error in tract data over time, facilitating studies of neighborhood change.
The Impact of Manufacturing Credentials on Earnings and the Probability of Employment
We examine the association between industry credential attainment and improved labor market outcomes.
Metropolitan Segregation: No Breakthrough in Sight
2020 Census data show persistent trends in segregation since 1980: high but declining for blacks, lower but unchanging for Hispanics and Asians.
Has Toughness of Local Competition Declined?
Toughness of local competition has declined over the last decades.
Automation and the Workforce: A Firm-Level View from the 2019 Annual Business Survey
The adoption of automation technologies across U.S. firms is low, but concentrates on large firms, implying a relatively high worker exposure to automation.
The Long Run Impacts of Court-Ordered Desegregation
We conduct a national assessment of the long-run impacts of court-ordered desegregation.
The Alpha Beta Gamma of the Labor Market
We characterize persistent heterogeneity in workers' job transition rates. These types predict cyclical sensitivity and drive macroeconomic dynamics.
Innovation and Appropriability: Revisiting the Role of Intellectual Property
We update and extend a set of stylized facts that has been influential for understanding of the economics of innovation.
Employer Concentration and Labor Force Participation
We study the association between employer concentration and LFP and employment. LFP (employment) is strongly (weakly) negatively correlated with concentration.
The Evolution of U.S. Retail Concentration
Local and national concentration increased steadily between 1982 and 2012. Local increases are broad based across products, locations, and industries.
Mortality in a Multi-State Cohort of Former State Prisoners, 2010-2015
This paper explores differences in post-prison mortality by race/Hispanic origin, other demographic characteristics, and custodial/criminal history.
Can Displaced Labor Be Retrained? Evidence from Quasi-Random Assignment to Trade Adjustment Assistance
This project uses an examiner design to study returns of Trade Adjustment Assistance (TAA)—social insurance that couples retraining incentives with extended UI.
Capital Investment and Labor Demand
We show that reductions in the cost of capital, which were induced by Bonus Depreciation policies, led plants to increase levels of both capital and labor.
The Transformation of Self Employment
U.S. self-employment and entrepreneurship has shifted away from industries with high startup capital intensity, due to lower profitability at small-scale firms.
Two-sided Search in International Markets
Using a dynamic matching model of the global apparel mkt., we analyze the effects of the China shock and the IT revolution on business connections and welfare.