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FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE: MONDAY, DECEMBER 30, 2019

Release Number CB19-198
Component ID: #ti763787108

Natural Increase Drops Below 1 Million for the First Time in Decades Due to Fewer Births and More Deaths

DEC. 30, 2019 — According to the U.S. Census Bureau’s national and state population estimates released today, forty-two states and the District of Columbia had fewer births in 2019 than 2018, while eight states saw a birth increase. With fewer births in recent years and the number of deaths increasing, natural increase (or births minus deaths) has declined steadily over the past decade. 

“While natural increase is the biggest contributor to the U.S. population increase, it has been slowing over the last five years,” said Dr. Sandra Johnson, a demographer/statistician in the Population Division of the Census Bureau. “Natural increase, or when the number of births is greater than the number of deaths, dropped below 1 million in 2019 for the first time in decades.” 

The nation’s population was 328,239,523 in 2019, growing by 0.5% between 2018 and 2019, or 1,552,022 people. Annual growth peaked at 0.73% this decade in the period between 2014 and 2015. The growth between 2018 and 2019 is a continuation of a multiyear slowdown since that period. 

The South, the largest of the four regions with a population of 125,580,448 in 2019, saw the largest numeric growth (1,011,015) and percentage growth (0.8%) between 2018 and 2019. This growth is driven mainly by natural increase (359,114) and net domestic migration (407,913), which is the movement of people from one area to another within the United States. The Northeast region, the smallest of the four regions with a population of 55,982,803 in 2019, saw population decrease for the first time this decade, declining by 63,817 or -0.1%. This decline was due to net domestic migration (-294,331), which offset population gains from natural increase (97,152) and net international migration (134,145), or the difference between the number of people moving into the country and out of the country. 

Forty states and the District of Columbia saw population increases between 2018 and 2019. Ten states lost population between 2018 and 2019, four of which had losses over 10,000 people. The 10 states that lost population were New York (-76,790; -0.4%), Illinois (-51,250; -0.4%), West Virginia (-12,144; -0.7%), Louisiana (-10,896; -0.2%), Connecticut (-6,233; -0.2%), Mississippi (-4,871; -0.2%), Hawaii (-4,721; -0.3%), New Jersey (-3,835; 0.0%), Alaska (-3,594; -0.5%), and Vermont (-369  ; -0.1%). 

Also released today were national- and state-level estimates of the components of population change, which include tables on births, deaths and migration.

Component ID: #ti1020928273
Puerto Rico Population Estimates

Puerto Rico’s population increased by 340 people (0.0%) between 2018 and 2019 after several years of annual population decline. This slight increase is due to total net migration, which was positive for the first time in years (7,733) and large enough to offset the natural decrease (-7,393).

"Though migration between 2018 and 2019 was large enough to increase the population this year, Puerto Rico’s population remains below where it was at the start of the decade,” explained Johnson.

Component ID: #ti1734880092
Additional Highlights:

  • Nationally, net international migration continues to decrease, falling to 595,348 between 2018 and 2019. Between 2010 and 2019, the year with the highest net international migration was 2016 at 1,046,709; however, since 2016, the net international migration has been gradually decreasing each year.
  • Between 2018 and 2019, natural increase was 956,674, reflecting 3,791,712 births and 2,835,038 deaths.
  • 42 states and the District of Columbia had fewer births in 2019 than 2018.  Eight states saw increases in births - Washington (612), Utah (293), Nevada (232), Arizona (175), Idaho (166), Montana (66), Vermont (44), and Colorado (30).
  • Twenty-four states and the District of Columbia saw increases in their number of deaths compared to the previous year. Four states had more deaths than births, also called natural decrease: West Virginia (-4,679), Maine (-2,262), New Hampshire (-121) and Vermont (-53).
  • Twenty-seven states and the District of Columbia lost population through net domestic migration between 2018 and 2019, six of which had losses over 25,000, and three of which experienced losses greater than 100,000. The top states with net domestic migration loss were California (-203,414), New York (-180,649), Illinois (-104,986), New Jersey (-48,946), Massachusetts (-30,274) and Louisiana (-26,045).
  • Nine states had a population of over 10 million in 2019. Those states were California (39,512,223), Texas (28,995,881), Florida (21,477,737), New York (19,453,561), Pennsylvania (12,801,989), Illinois (12,671,821), Ohio (11,689,100), Georgia (10,617,423) and North Carolina (10,488,084).

During 2020, the Census Bureau will release estimates of the 2019 population for counties, cities and towns, and metropolitan and micropolitan statistical areas, as well as national, state and county population estimates by age, sex, race and Hispanic origin. Population estimates for Puerto Rico and its municipios by age and sex will be released as well. These estimates include counties and cities affected by the 2017 hurricane season. Vintage 2019 estimates will be the last official series of estimates released prior to the 2020 Census.

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Component ID: #ti680632928

Top 10 Most Populous States: 2019
Rank Geographic Area April 1, 2010
(Estimates Base)
July 1, 2018 July 1, 2019
1 California 37,254,519 39,461,588 39,512,223
2 Texas 25,146,091 28,628,666 28,995,881
3 Florida 18,804,564 21,244,317 21,477,737
4 New York 19,378,144 19,530,351 19,453,561
5 Pennsylvania 12,702,868 12,800,922 12,801,989
6 Illinois 12,831,572 12,723,071 12,671,821
7 Ohio 11,536,751 11,676,341 11,689,100
8 Georgia 9,688,729 10,511,131 10,617,423
9 North Carolina 9,535,751 10,381,615 10,488,084
10 Michigan 9,884,116 9,984,072 9,986,857

 

Component ID: #ti1812681890

Top 10 States in Numeric Growth, 2018 to 2019
Rank Geographic Area April 1, 2010
(Estimates Base)
July 1, 2018 July 1, 2019 Numeric Growth
1 Texas 25,146,091 28,628,666 28,995,881 367,215
2 Florida 18,804,564 21,244,317 21,477,737 233,420
3 Arizona 6,392,288 7,158,024 7,278,717 120,693
4 North Carolina 9,535,751 10,381,615 10,488,084 106,469
5 Georgia 9,688,729 10,511,131 10,617,423 106,292
6 Washington 6,724,540 7,523,869 7,614,893 91,024
7 Colorado 5,029,319 5,691,287 5,758,736 67,449
8 South Carolina 4,625,366 5,084,156 5,148,714 64,558
9 Tennessee 6,346,276 6,771,631 6,829,174 57,543
10 Nevada 2,700,677 3,027,341 3,080,156 52,815

 

Component ID: #ti1399309556

Top 10 States in Percent Growth, 2018 to 2019
Rank Geographic Area April 1, 2010
(Estimates Base)
July 1, 2018 July 1, 2019 Percent Growth
1 Idaho 1,567,657 1,750,536 1,787,065 2.1%
2 Nevada 2,700,677 3,027,341 3,080,156 1.7%
3 Arizona 6,392,288 7,158,024 7,278,717 1.7%
4 Utah 2,763,891 3,153,550 3,205,958 1.7%
5 Texas 25,146,091 28,628,666 28,995,881 1.3%
6 South Carolina 4,625,366 5,084,156 5,148,714 1.3%
7 Washington 6,724,540 7,523,869 7,614,893 1.2%
8 Colorado 5,029,319 5,691,287 5,758,736 1.2%
9 Florida 18,804,564 21,244,317 21,477,737 1.1%
10 North Carolina 9,535,751 10,381,615 10,488,084 1.0%

Contact


Leslie Malone
Public Information Office
301-763-3030
pio@census.gov

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