Revised: 10/20/22, 10 a.m. EDT - Computer and internet use content moved to Housing Characteristics section.
OCT. 20, 2022 — Today, the U.S. Census Bureau released a demographic profile of Guam from the 2020 Island Areas Censuses. The demographic profile provides basic demographic, social, economic and housing characteristics for Guam and lower levels of geography.
In 2020, Guam’s population was 153,836. The profile released today provides demographic characteristics about the population, including information on racial and ethnic composition.
It is important to note that comparisons between the 2020 and 2010 race and ethnicity data should be made with caution. This decade, the Census Bureau improved the Hispanic origin and race questions and how it codes responses. The differences in the overall racial distributions relative to the 2010 data are largely because of these questionnaire and data processing improvements as well as some demographic changes. More information is available in the subject definitions for race and Hispanic origin in the technical documentation.
Among the social characteristics, the 2020 Island Areas Censuses collected information about school enrollment, educational attainment, place of birth, and language spoken at home.
The 2020 Island Areas Censuses provides a variety of economic characteristics for Guam, including statistics on income and poverty. Income questions on the census asked about income for the prior calendar year.
The Census Bureau recommends against comparing household income and poverty data between 2010 and 2020 for Guam because of differences in the universes. The 2010 Island Area Census for Guam included all households in Guam while the 2020 Island Area Census excluded military households.
Among the housing characteristics, the 2020 Island Areas Censuses provides information on homeownership and household size.
The 2020 Island Areas Censuses also collected information about computer and internet use, including type of computer devices, internet subscription status, and type of internet service.
More information about computer and internet use is available in the “America Counts: Stories Behind the Numbers” article 2020 Island Areas Censuses: Computer and Internet Use.
Characteristics of military housing units in Guam were not collected in 2020. As a result, data tables for these detailed characteristics do not include the population living on military installations. Direct comparisons between the 2010 and 2020 computer and internet use responses for Guam are not recommended because of these differences.
While the 2020 Island Areas Censuses operation was successful, the COVID-19 pandemic impacted the quality of the detailed social, economic and housing characteristic data for American Samoa, Guam and the U.S. Virgin Islands. To ensure the Census Bureau's high data quality standards are met, adjustments were made to data products reporting population and housing characteristics.
Data users should consider the following when using Guam's data products:
Additional guidance for data users using the Island Area characteristics data is available in the Guidance on Using Data from the 2020 Island Areas Censuses fact sheet.
The 2020 Island Areas Censuses provide a wide range of demographic, social, economic and housing information to meet the U.S. Island Areas’ data needs. Other surveys, such as the American Community Survey (ACS), are not conducted in the Island Areas. Therefore, the Census Bureau used a long-form census questionnaire similar to the ACS questionnaire used in the 50 states, the District of Columbia and Puerto Rico.
The Census Bureau previously released population and housing counts for Guam from the 2020 Island Areas Censuses and plans to release additional demographic, social, economic and housing characteristics in July 2023. More information is available on the 2020 Island Areas Censuses Data Products webpage.