JUNE 21, 2022 — A new report released today by the U.S. Census Bureau shows Asia’s population is aging faster than any other world region. The report also examines aging trends in Asia compared to other world regions and within Asia.
The report, “Asia Aging: Demographic, Economic, and Health Transitions,” produced by the Census Bureau’s International Programs Center in the Population Division, addresses the demographic, economic and health transitions that have taken place in Asian countries, while considering the wide diversity of economic development throughout Asia.
Asia’s aging population is a reflection of the unusually rapid declines in its fertility and mortality rates. Such declines have been associated with rising prosperity in many countries. However, this demographic transition has also led to increasing proportions of the population at older ages.
Just as significant as these dynamics, are the sheer numbers involved. As of 2020, the population of Asia exceeded 4.5 billion (including China and India, the two countries with over 1 billion each), more than one-half the world’s total. There were an estimated 414 million Asian people age 65 and older, about 20% higher than the total U.S. population (331.4 million). Even more noteworthy, it’s projected that by 2060, there will be more than 1.2 billion Asian people age 65 and older, which implies that one out of every 10 people in the world will be an older Asian.
Other highlights regarding the shifting sources of economic support and the epidemiological transition in Asia:
This report uses the United Nations definitions of world regions and subregions: UNSD — Methodology. World regions defined by the International Labour Organization and the World Health Organization are different from the UN geographic regions and are specified in this report. Country or place names used in this report and boundaries depicted in the maps reflect U.S. government policy wherever possible: Independent States in the World - United States Department of State. The majority of demographic estimates and projections data come from the International Database (census.gov) which is maintained and updated by the Census Bureau’s Population Division and is current as of December 2021.
Research for and production of this report were partly supported by the Division of Behavioral and Social Research, National Institute on Aging (NIA).
No news release associated with this report. Tip sheet only.