Note: Text in bold was updated at 10am on May 26, 2022.
MAY 26, 2022 — Populations of cities and towns in the South and West regions of the United States still experienced the most growth from July 2020 to July 2021, with the top 15 fastest-growing cities or towns located in these regions, according to new population estimates for cities and towns, released by the U.S. Census Bureau today.
Eight of the 15 fastest-growing large cities or towns by percent change were in the West — with five in Arizona — and seven in the South. The South and West also contained the top 15 cities with the largest numeric gains — 11 in the South and four in the West.
“While only 4% of all cities and towns had a population of 50,000 or more in 2021, collectively they contained 129.3 million people — nearly 39% of the U.S. population,” said Crystal Delbé, a statistician in the Population Division at the Census Bureau. “On the other hand, of the 19,494 incorporated places in the United States, more than 75% had fewer than 5,000 people.”
Arizona, Texas, Florida and Idaho all had several places among the 15 fastest-growing cities or towns:
San Antonio, Texas, topped the list of the largest numeric gainers with an increase of 13,626 people between 2020 and 2021.
The top 15 largest cities remained the same as in 2020 although more than half experienced decreases in their population between 2020 and 2021: New York, New York (-305,465); Los Angeles, California (-40,537); Chicago, Illinois (-45,175); Houston, Texas (-11,777); Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (-24,754); San Diego, California (-3,783); Dallas, Texas (-14,777); San Jose, California (-27,419); and Indianapolis, Indiana (-5,343).
Despite decreasing in population, New York remained the nation’s largest city. Its July 1, 2021, population of 8.5 million was more than twice that of the next largest city, Los Angeles, with a population of nearly 4 million.
The nation’s housing stock grew by about 1.3 million units between July 2020 and July 2021, reaching a total of 142.2 million. The annual growth rate of 1.0% from 2020 to 2021 increased slightly from 0.8% in the 2019 to 2020 period.
|Table 1. The 15 Fastest-Growing Large Cities Between July 1, 2020, and July 1, 2021, With Populations of 50,000 or More on July 1, 2020|
|Rank||Area Name||State Name||Percent Increase||2021 Total Population|
|3||Queen Creek town||Arizona||8.9||66,346|
|5||New Braunfels city||Texas||8.3||98,857|
|6||Fort Myers city||Florida||6.8||92,245|
|7||Casa Grande city||Arizona||6.2||57,699|
|9||North Port city||Florida||5.5||80,021|
|10||Spring Hill city||Tennessee||5.4||53,339|
|12||Port St. Lucie city||Florida||5.2||217,523|
|Table 2. The 15 Cities With the Largest Numeric Increase Between July 1, 2020, and July 1, 2021, With Populations of 50,000 or More on July 1, 2020|
|Rank||Area Name||State Name||Numeric Increase||2021 Total Population|
|1||San Antonio city||Texas||13,626||1,451,853|
|3||Fort Worth city||Texas||12,916||935,508|
|4||Port St. Lucie city||Florida||10,771||217,523|
|5||North Las Vegas city||Nevada||9,917||274,133|
|6||Cape Coral city||Florida||8,220||204,510|
|9||New Braunfels city||Texas||7,538||98,857|
|13||Fort Myers city||Florida||5,891||92,245|
|Table 3. The 15 Most Populous Cities on July 1, 2021|
|Rank||Area Name||State Name||2019 Total Population|
|1||New York city||New York||8,467,513|
|2||Los Angeles city||California||3,849,297|
|7||San Antonio city||Texas||1,451,853|
|8||San Diego city||California||1,381,611|
|10||San Jose city||California||983,489|
|13||Fort Worth city||Texas||935,508|
|15||Indianapolis city (balance)||Indiana||882,039|
|Table 4. Total Population Living in Cities and Towns by Population Size as of July 1, 2021|
|Population Size||Number of Cities||Total Population|
|5,000 to 9,999||1,657||11,783,275|
|10,000 to 49,999||2,355||51,546,205|
|50,000 and Over||798||129,277,621|
The statistics released today cover all local functioning governmental units, including incorporated places (like cities and towns), minor civil divisions (such as townships), and consolidated cities (government units for which the functions of an incorporated place and its parent county have merged).
On June 30, 2022, the Census Bureau will release estimates of the July 1, 2021, population by age, sex, race, and Hispanic origin for the nation, states and counties, and population by age and sex for the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico and Puerto Rico municipios. The data will be embargoed (June 28, 2022).
With each new release of annual estimates, the entire time series of estimates is revised for all years back to the date of the last census. All previously published estimates (e.g., old vintages) are superseded and archived on the FTP2 site.
More information on the timing of specific population and housing unit estimates products is available at www.census.gov/programs-surveys/popest/about/schedule.html. The Census Bureau develops city and town population estimates by using updated housing unit estimates to distribute county household population to subcounty areas based on the average household population per housing unit. The Vintage 2021 methodology statement and release notes are available at www.census.gov/programs-surveys/popest/technical-documentation/methodology.html.