The Census Bureau reports income and poverty estimates from several major national household surveys and programs:
For highlights and links to each survey or program’s site, see the Surveys & Programs section of this topic site.
For more background on each survey or program, the differences between them, and how to choose the right data source, refer to the links below to pages within the Guidance for Data Users section of this topic site.
Surveys & Programs
The Census Bureau reports income & poverty estimates from several major national household surveys and programs. Find out more about these data sources.
Which Data Source to Use
Use CPS ASEC for national data. Use ACS for state data. Use SAIPE for substate areas, like counties. Use SIPP for longitudinal participation data.
Group Quarters/Residence Rules
We classify all people not living in housing units as living in group quarters. These are institutional (such as prisons) or non-institutional (such as dorms).
How the Census Bureau Measures Poverty
Learn how poverty thresholds are assigned and what sources of income are used to determine poverty status.
CPS ASEC Redesign and Processing Changes
This page shares information regarding changes to the CPS ASEC survey design and processing and highlights the implications of these improvements.