Skip Header

The 2020 Census is Happening Now. Respond Today.

Component ID: #ti993630921

Search, browse and explore FAQs on ask.census.gov by topic, subtopic or group. You can search by text or FAQ number. Many answers contain links to more information. If you cannot find what you are looking for, click on Submit Request to reach our support team. We will find the answer for you soon. Each answer online ends with a survey question, “Was this answer helpful?” Please select Yes or No and help us improve our FAQs. Thank you.

Component ID: #ti1422017831

Who are counted among the foreign-born population?

The foreign-born population is composed of anyone who is not a U.S. citizen at birth. This includes naturalized U.S. citizens, non-citizen U.S. nationals, lawful permanent residents (immigrants), temporary migrants (such as foreign students), humanitarian migrants (such as refugees and asylees), and unauthorized migrants. Everyone else is counted among the native-born population, which comprises anyone who is a U.S. citizen at birth, including people born in the United States, Puerto Rico, a U.S. Island Area (Guam, the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands, and the U.S. Virgin Islands), or abroad to a U.S. citizen parent or parents.

Component ID: #ti465837905

Who are the foreign born?

The U.S. Census Bureau uses the term foreign born to refer to anyone who is not a U.S. citizen at birth. This includes naturalized U.S. citizens, non-citizen U.S. nationals, lawful permanent residents (immigrants), temporary migrants (such as foreign students), humanitarian migrants (such as refugees and asylees), and unauthorized migrants.

Component ID: #ti993630914

Who are the native born?

The U.S. Census Bureau uses the terms native and native born to refer to anyone born in the United States, Puerto Rico, a U.S. Island Area (Guam, the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands, or the U.S. Virgin Islands), or abroad of a U.S. citizen parent or parents.

Component ID: #ti993630915

What is nativity status?

Nativity status refers to whether a person is native-born or foreign-born.

Component ID: #ti993630916

What is generational status? Who is included in the first, second, and third-and-higher generations?

The U.S. Census Bureau uses the term generational status to refer to the place of birth of an individual or an individual’s parents. Questions on place of birth and parental place of birth are used to define the first, second, and third-and-higher generations. The first generation refers to those who are foreign born. The second generation refers to those with at least one foreign-born parent. The third-and-higher generation includes those with two U.S. native parents.

Component ID: #ti993630917

Does the Census Bureau collect data on parental place of birth?

Yes. Both the Current Population Survey Annual Social and Economic Supplement and Island Areas Census include two questions on parental place of birth, one on mother’s place of birth and a second on father’s place of birth.

Component ID: #ti993630918

Does the Census Bureau collect immigration data?

The U.S. Census Bureau directly collects and publishes survey data on the characteristics of foreign-born residents of the United States, such as country of birth, U.S. citizenship status, and year of entry into the United States.

By comparison, the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) Office of Immigration Statistics publishes statistics and reports based on administrative data, such as the numbers of persons obtaining legal permanent resident status, refugees and asylees, naturalizations, nonimmigrant admissions, and enforcement actions.

Additionally, the Census Bureau obtains selected administrative data from various federal agencies, including DHS, and uses those records for statistical purposes only. The Census Bureau does not share any personally identifiable information with any other agency, including law enforcement. All data at the Census Bureau, whether obtained from surveys or records from other agencies, are protected from disclosure and kept confidential under the law.

Component ID: #ti993630919

Does the Census Bureau collect data on the legal status of the foreign born?

Census Bureau does not directly collect data on the legal status of the foreign born on its surveys. The Department of Homeland Security (DHS) Office of Immigration Statistics publishes statistics and reports based on administrative data, such as the numbers of persons obtaining legal permanent resident status, refugees and asylees, naturalizations, nonimmigrant admissions, and enforcement actions. It also provides estimates of the unauthorized immigrant population in the United States.

The Census Bureau obtains selected administrative data from various federal agencies, including DHS, and uses those records for statistical purposes only. The Census Bureau does not share any personally identifiable information with any other agency, including law enforcement. All data at the Census Bureau, whether obtained from surveys or records from other agencies, are protected from disclosure and kept confidential under the law.

Component ID: #ti993630920

Do the data on the foreign born collected by the Census Bureau include unauthorized immigrants?

Yes. The U.S. Census Bureau collects data from all foreign born who participate in its censuses and surveys, regardless of legal status. Thus, unauthorized migrants are implicitly included in the Census Bureau estimates of the total foreign-born population.

X
  Is this page helpful?
Thumbs Up Image Yes    Thumbs Down Image No
X
Comments or suggestions?
No, thanks
255 characters remaining
X
Thank you for your feedback.
Comments or suggestions?
Back to Header