This report presents data on poverty based on information collected in the Survey of Income and Program Participation (SIPP). The report focuses on data collected in the 2014 Panel of the SIPP covering January 2013 through December 2016. The report describes patterns of poverty using measures with different time horizons and provides a dynamic view of the duration of poverty spells and the frequency of transitions into and out of poverty. The poverty measures discussed include monthly, annual, episodic, and chronic poverty rates. The report also examines the persistence of annual poverty, the movement of people across income-to-poverty ratio groupings, the duration of poverty spells, and the poverty survival rate. Additionally, estimates are compared across various demographic groups such as sex, race, Hispanic origin, age, family status, and educational attainment.
The U.S. Census Bureau identified an error in the processing for gross Social Security benefit amounts, TSSSAMT, where the value of Medicare deductions was double counted. Please see the user’s note for additional information. Corrected tables and research files have all been reissued and are available here.