The population of the United States increased by a record 28 million in the 10 years ending April 1, 1960, according to the final count of the returns of the 1960 Census of Population. This increase exceeded the former all-time record for the previous decade by 8.8 million.
The final total for the 50 states and the District of Columbia is 179,323,175 as against a final population count of 151,325,798 for 1950. The 1960 total does not include members of the Armed Forces and their dependents living abroad, crews of Amercian vessels at sea or in foreign ports, and American citizens living in foreign countries. Neither does it include the inhabitants of Puerto Rico, the Virgin Islands, and other outlying areas under the American Flag.
Census statistics date back to 1790 and reflect the growth and change of the United States. Past census reports contain some terms that today’s readers may consider obsolete and inappropriate. As part of our goal to be open and transparent with the public, we are improving access to all Census Bureau original publications and statistics, which serve as a guide to the nation's history.