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The tables presented here are preprints of tables 176 and 279 (or portions thereof) from Final Report PC(l)-D, which contains additional summary information on the detailed characteristics of the population.

Eighty-one million persons were married and living with their spouse in 1960. Another 5 million married persons were living apart from their spouse because of marital discord or other reasons. About 10 million persons were widows or widowers, 3 million were reported as divorced, and 28 million persons 14 years old and over had never been married. There were nearly 4 widows to every widower in 1960, and 3 divorced women to every 2 divorced men, but only 8 single women to every 10 single men.

Fewer of today's young women will be spinsters all their lives than was true a generation or so ago. Only 6 percent of women 35 to 39 years old were never married in 1960, compared with 8 percent of women 65 to 69 years old and nearly 10 percent of women 85 years old and over. The youngest age at which fewer than half of all persons were still single was 20 for females and 23 for males.

Eight in ten of all women 25 to 49 years old were married and living with their husband. At higher ages the proportion declined as the proportion of widows increased. Nonetheless, substantial proportions of women of advanced age were living with their husband. For instance, 1 in 4 women 75 to 79 years old, and 1 in 7 women 80 to 84 years old were living with their husband.

In 1960, there were 46 million males and 53 million females who had married at some time in their lives. These figures include widowed and divorced persons and persons currently married. The lower figure for males reflects the higher average age at marriage of males and their lower life expectancy.

The PDF to the right contains the 8-page report.


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A Note on Language

Census statistics date back to 1790 and reflect the growth and change of the United States. Past census reports contain some terms that today’s readers may consider obsolete and inappropriate. As part of our goal to be open and transparent with the public, we are improving access to all Census Bureau original publications and statistics, which serve as a guide to the nation's history.

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