About 15 percent of the 28.6 million families living in standard metropolitan statistical areas (SMSA's) in 1960 reported money incomes of less than $3,000 in 1959.,Of all classes of families living in SMSA’s in the North and West, about one out of seven reported incomes under $3,000. In the South, the incidence was considerably higher--about one out of five. Nonwhite families with incomes under $3,000 comprised 39 percent of all nonwhite families in the North and 48 percent in the South.
The percentage of families with incomes under $3,000 appears to be inversely related to the population size of SMSA’s. In those SMSA's with populations of 3 million or more, 13 percent of all families reported incomes under $3,000; in SMSA's of less than 100,000 population, 21 percent of all families had incomes under $3,000.
The incidence of incomes under $3,000 for all classes of families varies considerably, however, among the individual SMSA' s of 1 million inhabitants or more. The percentage of families with incomes under $3,000 ranged from 21 percent in the Atlanta, Ga., SMSA to 8 percent in the Patterson-Clifton-Passaic SMSA. For nonwhite families only, percentages ranged from 49 percent in the Atlanta, Ga., SMSA to 20 percent in the Seattle, Wash., SMSA.
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