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Report Number P23-20

Although the median income of Negro families in the city of Cleveland increased substantially between 1959 and 1964, the proportion of Negro families with incomes below the poverty level remained constant during that period. The median income (adjusted for price changes) of Negro families was $5,500 in 1964, a gain of $430, or 9 percent, from 1959.

The incidence of poverty among Negro families in Cleveland in 1964 was 25 percent, not significantly different from the 1959 level (26 percent). In the predominantly Negro neighborhoods of Hough and Kinsman, the incidence of poverty for Negro families was higher in 1964 than in 1959, whereas in the East and West Central areas it remained essentially unchanged. Especially striking was the increase in the incidence of poverty for the Hough area, from 31 percent in 1959 to 39 percent in 1964 (table A). Only among Negro families residing outside the nine designated neighborhoods described below was there a substantial decline in the incidence of poverty—from 18 percent in 1959 to 10 percent in 1964.

A Note on Language

Census statistics date back to 1790 and reflect the growth and change of the United States. Past census reports contain some terms that today’s readers may consider obsolete and inappropriate. As part of our goal to be open and transparent with the public, we are improving access to all Census Bureau original publications and statistics, which serve as a guide to the nation's history.

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