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1960 Census: Population, Subject Reports, Childspacing: Spacing of Successive Births to Women, by Age, Duration of Marriage, and Other Characteristics


The final reports of the 1960 Population Census are arranged in three volumes and a joint Population-Housing series of census tract reports. Volume II (Series PC(2) reports) are Subject Reports. Each report concentrates on a particular subject. Detailed information and cross-relationships are generally provided on a national and regional level. In a few reports, data for States or standard metropolitan statistical areas are also shown.

This report, designated as PC(2)-3B, presents national statistics on births to women by successive ages and successive intervals since marriage, on intervals between births, and on birth rates for past years. Some regional statistics are also presented, notably for the South. The data are shown by demographic, social, and economic characteristics of women and their families.

Among the characteristics shown are color, marital status, age at first marriage, education, and labor force participation of women, and occupation and income of the husband. The statistics are based on a 5-percent sample of the population enumerated in the Eighteenth Decennial Census of Population, taken as of April 1, 1960.

The tabulations are based on the fertility histories of women as obtained from reported birth dates of their children who were present in the home and from estimates of birth dates for those children who had died or left home. In order to keep the number of children with estimated birth dates to a reasonably small proportion of all children ever born, the data in this report are generally limited to women who were not so old or married so long that many of their children had grown up and left home.

The PDF to the right contains the Title Page, Preface, Acknowledgments, Final Reports (list), Contents and Introduction.


A Note on Language

Census statistics date back to 1790 and reflect the growth and change of the United States. Past census reports contain some terms that today’s readers may consider obsolete and inappropriate. As part of our goal to be open and transparent with the public, we are improving access to all Census Bureau original publications and statistics, which serve as a guide to the nation's history.

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