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Interregional Migration of the Poor: Some Recent Changes

Report Number P23-73
by Larry H. Long

Traces the interregional migration of the Nation's poverty population based upon the migrants' income about the time of moving, giving a more timely overview of this segment than heretofore available. This analytical study indicates the South's shift from net outmigration to net inmigration of low-income persons between 1967 and 1977; discussion of similar statistics is presented for each of the census regions.

Most data for this research, one of a series of studies undertaken by the Census Bureau's Population Division, were obtained from the annual March Current Population Survey; poverty status was computed from total money income received during the calendar year preceding each survey. Additional statistics from the 1976 Survey of Income and Education permitted analysis of mobility within each region of the total population between 20 and 64 years old for varying periods of time. Definite socioeconomic trends are indicated as a result of these analyses.

Interregional Migration of the Poor: Some Recent Changes

A Note on Language

Census statistics date back to 1790 and reflect the growth and change of the United States. Past census reports contain some terms that today’s readers may consider obsolete and inappropriate. As part of our goal to be open and transparent with the public, we are improving access to all Census Bureau original publications and statistics, which serve as a guide to the nation's history.


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