This report provides a summary of the 2019 release of the U.S. Census Bureau's Small Area Income and Poverty Estimates (SAIPE) program. SAIPE is the only source for single-year estimates of income and poverty for all counties in the United States. SAIPE also releases estimates of childhood poverty for all school districts. This report describes income and poverty trends at the state, county, and school district levels.
The following estimates are produced for 2019 from the Small Area Income and Poverty Estimates (SAIPE) program:
|Counties & States||School districts|
|all people in poverty||total population|
|children under age 18 in poverty||children ages 5 to 17|
|related children ages 5 to 17 in families in poverty||related children ages 5 to 17 in families in poverty|
|children under age 5 in poverty (for states only)|
|median household income|
These model-based estimates are produced for school districts, counties and states. They are produced by combining data from administrative records, postcensal population estimates, and the decennial census with direct estimates from the American Community Survey to provide consistent and reliable single-year estimates.
Estimates for counties or states in the sorted tables may not be statistically different from estimates for other counties or states in the tables due to uncertainty in the estimates. Please see uncertainty for information associated with model-based estimates, and also general cautions about comparing model-based estimates.
Quantifying Uncertainty in State and County Estimates
The model-based estimates almost certainly differ from the figures that would result from administering the ACS to all households in the nation.