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Working Paper Number POP-WP037
Amara Bachu
Component ID: #ti64295239

ABSTRACT

The purpose of this paper is to examine the trends in childlessness from 1980 to 1998 and to identify which socioeconomic groups have experienced the most significant changes. Childlessness among married couples today is no longer an uncommon situation. Compared to past decades, women are marrying and having their first birth much later in life. Among women in the childbearing years, postponement of marriage and childbearing is viewed as pathway to a good job and economic independence. The cost of raising a child, and the availability and affordability of child care have further promoted childlessness among women.

Data from the selected June fertility supplements of Current Population Survey (CPS) will be used to study the trends in childlessness among these women. The characteristics associated with childlessness will be examined using the 1998 CPS to highlight current group differences.


This paper was originally presented at the Annual Meeting of the Population Association of America(PAA), New York, NY, March 1999.

DISCLAIMER:

This paper reports the general results of research and analysis under taken by Census Staff. It has undergone a more limited review than official Census Bureau publications. This report is released to inform interested parties of research and to encourage discussion.

Component ID: #ti906990441

TABLE OF CONTENTS

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY OF FINDINGS

FIGURES

  1. Is Childlessness Among American Women on the Rise?

     

  2. Childlessness Among Women 40 to 44 Years Old by Marital Status

     

  3. Children Ever Born Among Women 40 to 44 Years Old by Parity: 1980 to 1998

     

  4. Childlessness Among Ever Married Women 40 to 44 Years Old: 1980 to 1998

     

  5. Childlessness Among Never Married Women 40 to 44 Years Old: 1980 to 1998

     

  6. Demographic Characteristics of Childlessness Women 40 to 44 Years Old by Race and Ethnicity: 1998

     

  7. Childlessness Among Women 40 to 44 Years Old by Marital Status and Race: 1998

     

  8. Childlessness Among Women 40 to 44 Years Old by Marital Status and Hispanic Origin: 1998

     

  9. Demographic Characteristics of Childless Women 40 to 44 Years Old by Education, Occupation and Family Income: 1998

     

  10. Childlessness Among Women 40 to 44 Years Old by Marital Status and Educational Attainment: 1998

     

  11. Childlessness Among Women 40 to 44 Years Old by Marital Status and Occupation: 1998

     

  12. Childlessness Among Women 40 to 44 Years Old by Marital Status and Family Income: 1998

     

  13. Demographic Characteristics of Childless Women 40 to 44 Years Old by Region, Nativity Status and Place of Birth: 1998

     

  14. Childlessness Among Women 40 to 44 Years Old by Marital Status and Region: 1998

     

  15. Childlessness Among Women 40 to 44 Years Old by Marital Status and Nativity Status: 1998

     

  16. Childlessness Ever Married Among Women 40 to 44 Years Old by Marital Status and Place of Birth: 1998

     

  17. Trends in Childlessness among Women 40 to 44 Years Old: 1980 to 1998

     

  18. Trends in Childlessness among Women 40 to 44 Years Old, by Race: 1980 to 1998

     

  19. Trends in Childlessness among Women 40 to 44 Years Old, by Educational Attainment: 1980 to 1998

     

  20. Trends in Childlessness among Women 40 to 44 Years Old, by Occupation: 1980 to 1998

     

  21. Summary

     

  22. Contact

 


 

Component ID: #ti260550280


SUMMARY OF FINDINGS

Childlessness Among Women 40 to 44 Years Old by Marital Status

Childlessness among all women 40 to 44 years old increased from 10 percent in 1980 to 19 percent in 1998. Among ever-married women, childlessness doubled from 7 percent in 1980 to 14 percent in 1998, however, it declined among never married women from 79 percent in 1980 to 67 percent in 1998.

Demographic Characteristics of Childless Women 40 to 44 Years Old by Race and Ethnicity: 1998

Among ever-married women, levels of childlessness are not different between White and Black women. However, White never-married women have childless levels more than twice as high as Black women. Regardless of marital status, Hispanic women had lower levels of childlessness than non-Hispanic women.

Demographic Characteristics of Childless Women 40 to 44 years old by Education, Occupation and Family Income: 1998

Regardless of marital status, women who had the highest levels of education, those engaged in managerial and professional occupations, and those who lived in families with highest family incomes, experienced the highest levels of childlessness.

Demographic Characteristics of Childless Women 40 to 44 Years Old by Region, Nativity Status and Place of Birth: 1998

Women living in the West and Northeast had the highest levels of childlessness, regardless of marital status.

Foreign-born women had lower levels of childlessness compared with Native-born women regardless of marital status.

Ever married-women born in Mexico, who represent one-half of all women born in Latin America, experienced lower levels of childlessness compared to women born in the United States.

Trends in Childless among Women 40 to 44 Years Old: 1980 to 1998

Although there were large increases in the levels of childless among women 40 to 44 years old between 1980 and 1990, further increases were small among successive baby boom cohorts.

The proportion of White women who were childless doubled from 10 percent in 1980 to 20 percent in 1998 compared with an increase of from 11 and 17 percent for Black women for the same period.

The largest increase in childlessness occurred among women with less than Bachelor's education compared to women in other educational categories.

In general, employed women showed substantial increases in childlessness since 1980 regardless of their occupational status.

Component ID: #ti260550281


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