JUNE 21, 2018 — Nonemployer establishments, which are establishments without paid employees, in the Transportation and Warehousing sector (North American Industry Classification System (NAICS 48-49 ) increased by 22.0 percent from 1,528,264 in 2015 to 1,864,990 in 2016, according to U.S. Census Bureau statistics released today. This sector also had the largest percentage increase in receipts, 3.7 percent, from $83.9 billion in 2015 to $87.0 billion in 2016.
The Transit and Ground Passenger Transportation subsector (NAICS 485) led the growth with an increase of 291,243 establishments, an increase of 50.4 percent. This subsector also grew by the most nonemployer establishments among all three-digit NAICS across all sectors. Examples of the Transit and Ground Passenger Transportation subsector include taxi and limousine services, chartered bus, school bus and special needs transportation. Specifically, the industry Taxi and Limousine Service (NAICS 4853), which includes ridesharing services, grew by 45.9 percent, an increase of 220,261 establishments. The top three states with the highest growth in nonemployer establishments in this industry are California (adding 38,928 or 43.7 percent), Florida (adding 21,858 or 72.3 percent), and New York (adding 17,378 19.7 percent).
Nationally, nonemployer establishments increased 2.0 percent from 24,331,403 in 2015 to 24,813,048 in 2016. Receipts increased 1.5 percent from $1.15 trillion in 2015 to $1.17 trillion in 2016.
Other highlights include:
These data are all part of Nonemployer Statistics: 2016, which publishes statistics on nonemployer businesses in over 450 industries at varying levels of geography, including national, state, county, metropolitan statistical area and combined statistical area. The data are also presented by Legal Form of Organization, and by Receipt Size Class.
A nonemployer business is defined as one that has no paid employees, has annual business receipts of $1,000 or more ($1 or more in the construction industries), and is subject to federal income taxes. Most nonemployers are self-employed individuals operating very small unincorporated businesses, which may or may not be the owner’s principal source of income. Nonemployer statistics originate from Internal Revenue Service tax return information. The data are subject to nonsampling error, such as errors of self-classification by industry on tax forms, as well as errors of response, nonreporting and coverage. Receipts totals are slightly modified to protect confidentiality. All dollar values are expressed in current dollars, i.e., they are not adjusted for price changes. Further information about methodology and data limitations is available at <www.census.gov/econ/nonemployer/methodology.htm>.
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