From history.com, THIS DAY IN HISTORY August 15, 1947, India and Pakistan win independence:
“The Indian Independence Bill, which carves the independent nations of India and Pakistan out of the former Mogul Empire, comes into force at the stroke of midnight on August 15, 1947. The long-awaited agreement ended 200 years of British rule and was hailed by Indian independence leader Mohandas Gandhi as the ‘noblest act of the British nation.’”
From the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA), The World Factbook, India, Introduction, Background:
“By the 19th century, Great Britain had become the dominant political power on the subcontinent and India was seen as the "Jewel in the Crown" of the British Empire. The British Indian Army played a vital role in both World Wars. Years of nonviolent resistance to British rule, led by Mohandas GANDHI and Jawaharlal NEHRU, eventually resulted in Indian independence in 1947. Large-scale communal violence took place before and after the subcontinent partition into two separate states - India and Pakistan. The neighboring countries have fought three wars since independence, the last of which was in 1971 and resulted in East Pakistan becoming the separate nation of Bangladesh.”
From Business and Economy > International Trade Data:
Source: 2021 American Community Survey (ACS) 1-year estimates.
From the Library: