From the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA), The World Factbook, India, Introduction, Background:
“By the 19th century, Great Britain had become the dominant political power on the subcontinent and India was seen as the "Jewel in the Crown" of the British Empire. The British Indian Army played a vital role in both World Wars. Years of nonviolent resistance to British rule, led by Mohandas GANDHI and Jawaharlal NEHRU, eventually resulted in Indian independence in 1947. Large-scale communal violence took place before and after the subcontinent partition into two separate states - India and Pakistan. The neighboring countries have fought three wars since independence, the last of which was in 1971 and resulted in East Pakistan becoming the separate nation of Bangladesh.”
Note: Click on the image above to see the full page about India.
From International Programs:
Note: Click “Report,” then select a report to view other reports. There are six reports to choose from including Fertility and Mortality.
Note: After you create an account, you can search for imports and exports of commodities in a specified geographic area of interest such as India. For more information, see the Quick Start Guide. USA Trade® Online does not provide direct links to the data.
Note: Table 2 shows the top five countries of birth for the foreign-born in 1910 and 2010 (see India).
Note: Figure 4 shows that in recent years (2000 to 2014), the level of international migration from Mexico has decreased while migration from India and China has increased.