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The 2020 Census, Next Steps and a Heartfelt Thanks. Read More.

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For more information on using the Census Bureau’s data platform, visit the resources page. 

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Finding Economic Data using Data.Census.Gov

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Nonemployer Demographics Data

Historically, the Survey of Business Owners (SBO) provided the only comprehensive source of information on both employer and nonemployer businesses by sex, ethnicity, race, and veteran status of the business owners. Although the ABS replaces the SBO, it excludes the collection of data from nonemployer businesses.  As a result, the Census Bureau has developed a research project known as the Nonemployer Statistics by Demographics series (NES-D) to produce similar estimates on demographics for nonemployer businesses using administrative records data.  The NES-D leverages existing individual-level administrative records to assign demographic characteristics to the universe of nonemployer businesses. Demographic characteristics including sex, ethnicity, race, veteran status, owner age, and place of birth are assigned to nonemployer business owners.

In addition to the ABS, nonemployer demographics data will be produced annually to continue providing the only source of detailed and comprehensive statistics on the scope, nature and activities of all U.S. businesses by the demographic characteristics of the business owners.  Data will be available by detailed geography and industry levels.


NES-D data covering reference year 2017 will be released in beta version in the winter of 2020.

Additional resources are linked below.

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