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In a collaboration with Raj Chetty and Nathan Hendren from Harvard University and John Friedman from Brown University, Census researchers constructed the following data tables used in the Opportunity Atlas data tool. These data are a comprehensive Census tract-level dataset of children’s outcomes in adulthood using data covering nearly the entire U.S. population. For each tract, we estimate children’s outcomes in adulthood such as earnings distributions and incarceration rates by parental income, race, and gender. These estimates allow us to trace the roots of outcomes such as poverty and incarceration to the neighborhoods in which children grew up.

To build these data, we use de-identified data from the 2000 and 2010 decennial Censuses linked to data from Federal income tax returns and the 2005-2015 American Community Surveys (ACS) to obtain information on income, parental characteristics, children's neighborhoods, and other variables. We focus on children born between 1978-1983, including those born in the U.S. and authorized childhood immigrants. Our data include the characteristics of 20 million children, approximately 94% of all children born during the time period.

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Opportunity Atlas Data Tables

 

Stata

Excel

Readme

Household Income and Incarceration for Children from Low-Income Households by Census Tract, Race, and Gender

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Household Income and Incarceration for Children from Low-Income Households by County, Race, and Gender

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Household Income and Incarceration for Children from Low-Income Households by Census Commuting Zone, Race, and Gender

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All Outcomes by Census Tract Race, Gender and Parental Income Percentile

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All Outcomes by County, Race, Gender and Parental Income Percentile

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All Outcomes by Commuting Zone, Race, Gender and Parental Income Percentile

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All Outcomes at the National Level by Race, Gender and Parental Income Percentile

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Crosswalk Between Income/Wage Percentiles and 2015 Dollars

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Neighborhood Characteristics by Census Tract

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Neighborhood Characteristics by County

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Neighborhood Characteristics by Commuting Zone

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