This technical note in the Select Topics in International Censuses (STIC) series provides national statistical offices (NSOs) with information on how to integrate preparations for the 2020 round of censuses with the data gathering requirements established by the 17 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) and 169 accompanying targets. The United Nations (U.N.) General Assembly adopted the Agenda for Sustainable Development—the document promulgating the SDGs—on September 25, 2015. The SDGs present a vision for a transformed world in 2030. A world in which all of the SDG targets are met would be free of absolute poverty; more equal, peaceful, just, and inclusive; supportive of human rights, gender equality, and the empowerment of women and girls; and protective of the planet and its resources (General Assembly Resolution 70/1 2015). The SDG quantifiable targets defining this transformed world were agreed upon on March 11, 2016.