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The Census Longitudinal Infrastructure Project (CLIP) is a collaborative effort to create an integrated set of linkable data files from the decennial Censuses, surveys, and administrative records held at the Census Bureau for research. For the past several decades, the Census Bureau has developed and used probabilistic matching software to link person records in decennial census, survey, and administrative datasets. These linkages are central to the Census Bureau’s mission to utilize multiple resources to evaluate survey data quality and to improve social and economic measurement. CLIP established a pilot program for collaborative research projects using the Census Bureau’s established infrastructure. In addition, CLIP build on the established procedures for linking records across data sources by appending consistent linkage identifiers, referred to as Protected Identification Keys (PIKs), to the 1940 Census. The PIKs allow for the linkage of individuals from the 1940 census to the 2000 and 2010 Censuses as well as a wide range of survey data and administrative records that are part of the Census Bureau Linkage Infrastructure.

Pilot research projects using this linked data infrastructure began in 2015, and now the linked data is available for researchers to request through the FSRDC network.

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