Health insurance is a means for financing a person’s health care expenses. While the majority of people have private health insurance coverage, primarily through an employer, many others obtain health insurance through programs offered by the government. Other individuals do not have health insurance at all.
This report presents statistics on health insurance coverage in the United States based on information collected in the 2014 Current Population Survey Annual Social and Economic Supplement (CPS ASEC) and the 2013 American Community Survey (ACS). Estimates from both surveys, conducted by the U.S. Census Bureau, reflect health insurance coverage during the year 2013.
The CPS is the longest-running survey conducted by the Census Bureau. The key purpose of the CPS ASEC is to provide timely and detailed estimates of economic well-being, of which health insurance coverage is an important part. The ACS is an ongoing survey that collects comprehensive information on social, economic, and housing topics. Due to its large sample size, the ACS provides estimates at many levels of geography.
This report presents an overall estimate of the year-to-year change in health insurance coverage rates based on the ACS, which has collected data on health insurance since 2008. Traditionally, this report has included detailed comparisons of year-to-year changes in health insurance coverage using the CPS ASEC. However, due to the redesign of the health insurance section of the CPS ASEC, its estimates of health insurance coverage are not directly comparable to estimates from prior years of the survey. For more information on the CPS ASEC redesign, see the text box “Changes to the CPS ASEC Health Insurance Coverage Questions.”