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1870 Census: A Compendium of the Ninth Census (June 1, 1870)

A Compendium of the Ninth Census (June 1, 1870) compiled persuant to a concurrent resolution of Congress and under the direction of the Secretary of the Interior, by Francis A. Walker, Superintendent of Census.

Includes statistics of population by race, nativity, and nationality; school attendance and illiteracy; schools, libraries, newspapers, and churches; pauperism and crime; areas, families and dwellings; sex, and school, military and citizenship ages; occupations; the blind, deaf and dumb, insane, and idiotic; wealth, taxation, and public indebtedness; and agriculture, manufactures, mining and fishing.

Nativity and Nationality


      Table XCV. Selected Statistics of Agriculture, by Counties, in each State and Territory, 1870

      Table C. Manufactures, by Totals of Counties, in each State and Territory, 1870

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A Note on Language

Census statistics date back to 1790 and reflect the growth and change of the United States. Past census reports contain some terms that today’s readers may consider obsolete and inappropriate. As part of our goal to be open and transparent with the public, we are improving access to all Census Bureau original publications and statistics, which serve as a guide to the nation's history.


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