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Chapters 1 through 4 consider unemployment by occupation, period of idleness, marital condition, and part-time unemployment in the United States as a whole, the nine geographic divisions, States, and cities of 100,000 and over.

Chapter 5 is devoted to the returns of the special census of unemployment taken in January 1931 in 21 selected urban areas. The data in this section show the unemployed by classes, sex, color and nativity, period of idleness and reason for idleness, age, industry groups, occupation, and marital status of unemployed females.

There are two appendixes: A. Form of schedule for enumeration of unemployment, and B. The special census of unemployment, January, 1931—Description of the schedule, and instructions to enumerators.

 

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A Note on Language

Census statistics date back to 1790 and reflect the growth and change of the United States. Past census reports contain some terms that today’s readers may consider obsolete and inappropriate. As part of our goal to be open and transparent with the public, we are improving access to all Census Bureau original publications and statistics, which serve as a guide to the nation's history.

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