Foreign-born adults in the United States are more likely than those native born to tie the knot, marry at an older age and not remarry as often, according to a new U.S. Census Bureau report.
The report released last month highlights the relationship between nativity and marital history.
It shows that mixed nativity marriages (a native-born married to a foreign-born) were more common among Asian and Hispanic women than among non-Hispanic White women and Black women — a pattern that may be driven by recent immigration from Latin America, the Caribbean and Asia.
Due to cultural, political, legal, social, economic and other factors, the marital histories of the two groups tend to differ.
As a nation of immigrants, the U.S. population has historically included people born in the United States (native-born) and in different countries (foreign-born). Due to cultural, political, legal, social, economic and other factors, the marital histories of the two groups tend to differ.
The report uses estimates from the 2016 American Community Survey (ACS) 1-year, as well as the 2014 Survey of Income and Program Participation (SIPP) Wave 1 and Social Security Administration Supplement files.
About two-thirds (67%) of native-born adults had ever married, compared with over three-quarters (76%) of foreign-born adults.
However, among ever married adults, higher proportions of native-born people had ever divorced (36%) or ever been widowed (11%) compared to foreign-born people (20% and 7%, respectively).
Native-born adults were also more likely to remarry. About one in four (26%) were married two or more times. Among the foreign-born, only one in seven (14%) had remarried.
So, foreign-born people were more likely than those native born to ever marry and to be in their first marriage rather than in a second or higher marriage.
How old people are when they first marry could contribute to the differences in remarriage rates. The reason: The younger they marry, the more time they have to experience changes in marital status.
Less than half (46%) of foreign-born and 59% of native-born people had married by age 24.
Among foreign-born women, 55% had married by age 24, compared with 67% of native-born women.
Among men, 35% of foreign-born and 51% of native-born had married by age 24.
A mixed nativity marriage is made up of one foreign-born and one native-born spouse.
Increases in immigration from Latin America, the Caribbean and Asia in the past couple of decades have provided a larger pool of potential spouses who are foreign-born and racially or ethnically diverse, which has contributed to the growth of interracial/interethnic and mixed nativity marriages.
Overall, 8% of women in their first marriage were in mixed nativity marriages. This varied by race and Hispanic origin. Just 5% of non-Hispanic White women and 7% of Black women were in mixed-nativity marriages, compared with 19% of Asian, Hispanic women and women who identify as Some Other Race (SOR).
The high proportions of these groups in mixed nativity marriages are unsurprising given high levels of immigration from Asia and Latin America.
Younger women were more likely to be in mixed nativity marriages. The youngest group, ages 15-24, has about twice the percentage of mixed nativity marriages than women 55 years and over — 12% and 6%, respectively.
Yeris Mayol-Garcia is a statistician demographer in the Census Bureau’s Fertility and Family Statistics Branch.
Benjamin Gurrentz is a survey statistician in the Survey Improvement Research Branch.