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John L. Hudgins, Bernadette J. Holmes, and Mamie E. Locke


Part one of the Joint Statistical Agreement between the U.S. Census Bureau and the Hampton University Black Family Institute extensively explored the literature related to family structure variations among Black Americans (Hudgins, Holmes, and Locke, 1990). This literature review and discussion pointed to many facets of Black family structure and functioning that may impact the enumeration of Black Americans, especially Black males.

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