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Women’s History Month: March 2023

Press Release Number CB23-FF.03

National Women’s History Month traces its roots to March 8, 1857, when women from various New York City factories staged a protest over poor working conditions. The first Women's Day celebration in the United States was in 1909, also in New York City. More than seven decades later, Congress in 1981 established National Women's History Week to be commemorated annually the second week of March. In 1987. Congress expanded the week to a month and every year since has passed a resolution (and the president has issued a proclamation) designating March Women’s History Month.

As we celebrate Women’s History Month, we reflect upon advances women have made with the following Census Bureau data

We appreciate the public’s cooperation in helping us measure America’s people, places, and economy. 

Did You Know?

168 million    

The number of females in the United States as of 2021. There were about 164 million males.

3.8 million

There were about 1.6 million more females ages 85 and older (3.8 million) than males (2.2 million) in the United States as of 2021. 


In 2021, the percentage of women 25 and older who had earned bachelor’s degrees or higher compared with 33.9% of men. 

79.1 million

The number of females ages 16 and older who participated in the civilian labor force in 2021. This comprises 58.2% of females ages 16 and older. 


The percentage of full-time, year-round female workers over 16 years’ median earnings compared to men in 2021.

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The following is a list of observances typically covered by the Census Bureau’s Facts for Features series:

Black (African American) History Month (February)
Women's History Month (March)
Irish-American Heritage Month (March)
Asian/Pacific American Heritage Month (May)
The Fourth of July (July 4)
Anniversary of Americans With Disabilities Act (July 26)
Hispanic Heritage Month (Sept. 15-Oct. 15)
Halloween (Oct. 31)
American Indian/Alaska Native Heritage Month (November)
Veterans Day (Nov. 11)
Thanksgiving Day/Holiday Season (November-December)

Editor’s note: The preceding data were collected from a variety of sources and may be subject to sampling variability and other sources of error. Facts for Features are customarily released about two months before an observance in order to accommodate magazine production timelines. Questions or comments should be directed to the Census Bureau’s Public Information Office: telephone: 301-763-3030; or e-mail: pio@census.gov.

Profile America's Facts for Features provides statistics related to observances and holidays not covered by Stats for Stories. For observances not listed below, visit our Stats for Stories web page. 

Profile America's Stats for Stories provides links to timely story ideas highlighting the Census Bureau's newsworthy statistics that relate to current events, observances, holidays, and anniversaries. The story ideas are intended to assist the media in story mining and producing content for their respective audiences.

Page Last Revised - April 25, 2023
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