From Census.gov > Topics > Education > About School Enrollment:
Census Bureau data on enrollment ask about elementary school, high school, college, or professional school. Public, private and homeschool are all included. Non-degree programs and short-term career and technical courses are also sometimes captured.
Much of the Census Bureau data on enrollment relies on the concept of regular school. A regular school advances a person towards an elementary school certificate, high school diploma, or college, university, or professional school.
In the American Community Survey (ACS), rather than asking about “regular school,” respondents are asked to include nursery or preschool, kindergarten, elementary school, homeschool, and schooling which leads to a high school diploma or a college degree.
Source: 2019 American Community Survey (ACS) 1-Year Estimates.
Note: The latest ACS stats below are from 2019. The latest Current Population Survey (CPS) stats are from 2020. Scroll down below More Stats to find the CPS Historical Time Series Tables on School Enrollment.
Note: The table above is cropped at the bottom and the right. Click on the image for the full table.
Note: The cropped table above highlights preschool and kindergarten teachers. Click on the image for the full table.
From Census.gov > Topics > Education:
From Census.gov > Data:
From Census.gov > Library:
From Statistics in Schools: