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Decennial Census by Decade

Although the U.S. Census Bureau carries out hundreds of surveys every year, its most well-known duty is still to conduct the decennial census. Census results have several high profile applications: they are used to reapportion seats in the House of Representatives, to realign congressional districts, and as a factor in the formulas that distribute trillions of dollars in federal funds each year. Because of the importance of this population count, procedural changes in the decennial census often reflect larger organizational shifts at the Census Bureau.

This section follows the evolution of the decennial census by detailing the events surrounding each of them. Political and technological changes, and the shifting public demand for information, have all shaped the modern census and the mission of the Census Bureau.

  • 2030
  • 2020
  • 2010
  • 2000
  • 1990
  • 1980
  • 1970
  • 1960
  • 1950
  • 1940
  • 1930
  • 1920
  • 1910
  • 1900
  • 1890
  • 1880
  • 1870
  • 1860
  • 1850
  • 1840
  • 1830
  • 1820
  • 1810
  • 1800
  • 1790

Census Day was April 1, 2010


U.S. Resident Population
Population per square mile of land area
Percent increase of population from 2000 to 2010
Number of States

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About the 2010 Decennial Census
Here you can find important information like enumeration, marketing efforts, and key dates regarding the 2010 Decennial Census.

2010 Decennial Census Program Management
Information about how we effectively administer the 2010 Decennial Census to stay on time and on budget.

2010 Decennial Census Datasets
Data files, for public use, with all personally identifiable information removed to ensure confidentiality. Users analyze, extract, customize and publish stats.

2010 Decennial Census Data Tables
Stats displayed in columns and rows with title, ID, notes, sources and release date. Many tables are in downloadable XLS, CSV and PDF file formats.

2010 Decennial Census Guidance for Data Users
Brief descriptions of standard & special 2010 Census data products, including the lowest level of geography covered by each & the original release date.

2010 Decennial Census Historical Facts
Get a quick portrait of the U.S. by decade with pop culture milestones, population highlights, census details, and the 10 largest urban places.

2010 Decennial Census Official Publications
Official publications released by the U.S. Census Bureau have a report number and often list the lead author(s).

2010 Decennial Census Questionnaires & Instructions
Learn how the Decennial Census questionnaires have changed through the decades and download questionnaires from each Census decade.

2010 Decennial Census Photos
Many Census Bureau photos of official events and operations are available for free download and use according our Multimedia Usage Policy.

2010 Decennial Census Videos
Watch official Census Bureau videos here or on YouTube - our channel is uscensusbureau. Subscribe, share videos, see transcripts, write comments, and more.

2010 Decennial Census Visualizations
Data made visual with charts, tables, maps, and other graphic elements. They are often interactive and contain text for labeling, not narration.

2010 Decennial Census Working Papers
Census Bureau research made available to others to encourage discussion on a range of topics. They have not undergone official review or the editorial process.

2010 Decennial Census News Releases
Census Bureau news releases about the 2010 Census.

2010 Decennial Census Press Kits
Electronic Press Kits with key operational milestones and events surrounding the 2010 Census.

2010 Decennial Census Partners
Partners information, materials and research for the 2010 Census.

Related Information

Page Last Revised - August 4, 2023
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