Visualizations of the historical tables are located in the "related information" section on the right side of this page. Please click on the icon titled "CPS Historical Geographic Mobility/Migration Graphs".
The U.S. Census Bureau reviewed this data product for unauthorized disclosure of confidential information and approved the disclosure avoidance practices applied to this release. CBDRB-FY21-012.
Note for 2020 tables: Data collection for the CPS ASEC largely occurred during the 2020 COVID-19 pandemic. COVID-related changes to survey operations and related nonresponse may have influenced CPS ASEC estimates in 2020.
Note: As of September 2021, these historical tables include corrections to errors. Please replace any previously downloaded historical tables.
2019 DRB Delegated Authority Approval Number: CBDRB-FY19-POP001-0075
User Notes for CPS-ASEC Migration/Geographic Mobility data are accessible here:
ASEC User Note: Updates to Reasons for Moving Categories: 2020
Updates to the reason for moving categories included the addition of a new category, “relationship with unmarried partner (boy/girlfriend, fiancé, etc.).”
ASEC User Note: Migration Questions 1971 through 1980
The 1-year geographic mobility question was not asked from 1972 to 1975 and from 1977 to 1980.
ASEC User Note: Distance of Move Estimates from 2003 to 2005
A change in processing resulted in a shift in the distribution of movers and distance moved between the 2002-2003 to 2004-2005 periods.
ASEC User Note: 2014 CPS ASEC Sample
The source of data for the 2014 tables is the CPS ASEC sample of 98,000 addresses.
ASEC User Note: Migration Question Wording Change in 2004
Before 2004, the question asked about residence on March 1 of the previous year. As of 2004, it asked about residence one year ago.
ASEC User Note: Potential Display Issue, Reason for Move: 2012-2015
A potential display issue in the data collection instrument could have introduced response bias during the 2012-2015 CPS-ASEC data collection.
ASEC User Note: Reason for Move Write-In Expansion Recoding Updates
The recode expansion will be implemented as of data year 2019. It was originally to be implemented as of data year 2016.