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Europe Day: May 9, 2023

Press Release Number CB23-SFS.68

According to the European Union, “Europe Day held on 9 May every year celebrates peace and unity in Europe. The date marks the anniversary of the historic 'Schuman declaration' that set out his idea for a new form of political cooperation in Europe, which would make war between Europe's nations unthinkable. Schuman's proposal is considered to be the beginning of what is now the European Union.”

According to The World Factbook from the Central Intelligence Agency of the United States, “The evolution of what is today the European Union (EU) from a regional economic agreement among six neighboring states in 1951 to today's hybrid intergovernmental and supranational organization of 27 countries across the European continent stands as an unprecedented phenomenon in the annals of history. Dynastic unions for territorial consolidation were long the norm in Europe; on a few occasions even country-level unions were arranged - the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth and the Austro-Hungarian Empire were examples. For such a large number of nation-states to cede some of their sovereignty to an overarching entity is unique.”

Key Stats

Note: The Trends table above is cropped to hide the line graph at the top and Pages 2 and 3 at the bottom. Click on the image for the full table of all 49 countries in Europe, in alphabetical order. Click on any country for Quick Facts (2023), Patterns and Trends, and Sources.

More Stats

Source: 2021 American Community Survey (ACS) 1-year estimates.

Note: Four tables are listed below: B04006, B05006, DP02 and S0201.  

Note: The table above has eight > symbols to indicate that the rows below each symbol are closed. Click on the image for the full table and click on each > symbol to reveal the rows below.

Note: The table above is cropped. Click on the image for the full table.

From Census.gov  >  Business and Economy  >  International Trade:

Note: This is a dynamic data tool that gives users access to current and cumulative U.S. export and import data. With multiple data sets and capabilities, USA Trade Online can assist different types of customers from a wide range of industries and fields.

Note: The countries listed above have 2023 populations of more than 5 million. To access U.S. trade figures for a country not listed above, enter the 4-digit code from the list of country codes into this URL — <www.census.gov/foreign-trade/balance/c0000.html> — replacing 0000 with the country code.

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Page Last Revised - May 9, 2023
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