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Mexico Independence Day (1810): September 16, 2023

Press Release Number CB23-SFS.131

From the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA), The World Factbook, Mexico, Introduction, Background:

“The site of several advanced Amerindian civilizations - including the Olmec, Toltec, Teotihuacan, Zapotec, Maya, and Aztec - Mexico was conquered and colonized by Spain in the early 16th century. Administered as the Viceroyalty of New Spain for three centuries, it achieved independence early in the 19th century. Elections held in 2000 marked the first time since the 1910 Mexican Revolution that an opposition candidate - Vicente FOX of the National Action Party (PAN) - defeated the party in government, the Institutional Revolutionary Party (PRI). He was succeeded in 2006 by another PAN candidate Felipe CALDERON, but Enrique PENA NIETO regained the presidency for the PRI in 2012. Left-leaning anti-establishment politician and former mayor of Mexico City (2000-05) Andres Manuel LOPEZ OBRADOR, from the National Regeneration Movement (MORENA), became president in December 2018.”

“Mexico is currently the second-largest (after Canada) goods trading partner of the US with nearly $780 billion in two-way goods trade in 2022. Mexico's GDP contracted by 8.2% in 2020 due to pandemic-induced closures, its lowest level since the Great Depression. Mexico’s economy is rebounding; it grew by 4.8% in 2021, driven largely by increased remittances, despite supply chain and pandemic-related challenges, and grew by 3% in 2022.”

Key Stats

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, International Database (demographic data) and USA Trade Online (trade data); Central Intelligence Agency, The World Factbook (country reference maps).

Note: Mexico is the 10th most populous country in the world.

Note: Click on the image above for the full page on Mexico.

More Stats

Note: Click “Demographic Overview” under “Report:” to select other reports. There are six reports to choose from, including Fertility and Mortality. Click the > symbol before Central America (8) to open up lines for Belize, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua and Panama.

From Business and Economy  >  International Trade Data:

Note: After you create an account, you can search for imports and exports of commodities in a specified geographic area of interest such as Mexico. More information can be found in the Quick Start Guide. USATrade® Online does not provide direct links to the data.

Source: 2021 American Community Survey (ACS) 1-year estimates  

From the Library  /  America Counts: Stories Behind the Numbers  

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Page Last Revised - August 25, 2023
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