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Nonemployer Statistics has been produced as a consistent annual series since 1997. This data is available in various formats. Prior to 1997, statistics for businesses without paid employees were published in certain Economic Census publications (Economic Census data is tabulated every five years). The National Archives hold the data files for printed reports not available online. 

Data User Notice for 2018 NES (June 8, 2020):  The Census Bureau improved the methodology used to assign industry classification codes to sole proprietorships tabulated in the 2018 NES.  This change resulted in a large number of sole proprietorships being reclassified from NAICS Sector 81 (Other Services, except Public Administration) to other NAICS sectors for 2018.  Data users should use caution when making comparisons between 2018 and other reference years.  For more information about this improvement and its effects on the 2018 NES data, see the historical comparability section on the methodology page.

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