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CPS Historical Geographic Mobility/Migration Graphs

Table A-1. Annual Geographic Mobility Rates, By Type of Movement: 1948-2021

Table A-2. Annual Inmigration, Outmigration, Net Migration, and Movers from Abroad for Regions: 1981-2020

Table A-3. Inmigration, Outmigration, and Net Migration by Metropolitan Status: 1986-2020

Table A-4. Geographic Mobility by Tenure: 1988-2020

Table A-5. Reason for Move (Specific Categories): 1999-2020

Table A-6. Distance of Intercounty Move: 2003-2020

The U.S. Census Bureau reviewed this data product for unauthorized disclosure of confidential information and approved the disclosure avoidance practices applied to this release. CBDRB-FY22-008.

Note for 2021 tables: Data collection for the CPS ASEC occurred during the COVID-19 pandemic. COVID-related changes to survey operations and related nonresponse may have influenced CPS ASEC estimates in 2021.

Note: As of November 2021, these historical graphs include corrections to errors. Please replace any previously downloaded historical graphs.

User Notes for CPS-ASEC Migration/Geographic Mobility data are accessible here:

Geographic Mobility User Notes
Notes related to redesigns, omissions and corrections.

ASEC User Note: Redesign of the Geographic Mobility Table Package: 2021
Some revisions were made for the 2021 Geographic Mobility table package.

ASEC User Note: Updates to Reasons for Moving Categories: 2020
Updates to the reason for moving categories included the addition of a new category, “relationship with unmarried partner (boy/girlfriend, fiancé, etc.).”

ASEC User Note: Migration Question Wording Change in 2004
Before 2004, the question asked about residence on March 1 of the previous year. As of 2004, it asked about residence one year ago.

ASEC User Note: 2014 CPS ASEC Sample
The source of data for the 2014 tables is the CPS ASEC sample of 98,000 addresses.

ASEC User Note: Distance of Move Estimates from 2003 to 2005
A change in processing resulted in a shift in the distribution of movers and distance moved between the 2002-2003 to 2004-2005 periods.

ASEC User Note: Migration Questions 1971 through 1980
The 1-year geographic mobility question was not asked from 1972 to 1975 and from 1977 to 1980.

ASEC User Note: Potential Display Issue, Reason for Move: 2012-2015
A potential display issue in the data collection instrument could have introduced response bias during the 2012-2015 CPS-ASEC data collection.

ASEC User Note: Reason for Move Write-In Expansion Recoding Updates
This is a revised version of a user note originally published in 2016. It includes some updates and corrections since the original user note.

ASEC User Note: Revised: Reason for Move Write-In Expansion
This is a revised version of a user note originally published in 2016. It includes some updates and corrections since the original user note.

Page Last Revised - April 14, 2022
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