ICONS:Harriet Beecher Stowe, Dred Scott, John Brown
The September 18, 1850, Fugitive Slave Act provides for the return of slaves brought to free states.
Millard Fillmore is sworn into office as the 13th President of the United States, following Zachary Taylor's death on July 9, 1850.
"America" wins the first America's Cup yacht race on August 22, 1851.
Harriet Beecher Stowe's Uncle Tom's Cabin is published in 1852.
The December 30, 1853, "Gadsden Purchase" gives the United States a strip of land in the Southwest that would later become the states of New Mexico and Arizona.
The Republican Party is founded in Ripon, WI, on February 28, 1854.
Poet Walt Whitman publishes Leaves of Grass on July 4, 1855.
On May 21, 1856, abolishonist John Brown and his followers burn Kansas' Free State Hotel and loot the town of Lawrence. Three days later, the group kill five pro-slavery men at Pottawotamie Creek, earning the state the nickname "Bleeding Kansas."
The U.S. Supreme Court's March 6, 1857, "Dred Scott Decision" rules that Scott, a slave moved to a free state, never ceased to be a slave despite residing in a free state, denied him citizenship, and denied him the right to sue.
Elisha Otis installs the first elevator on March 23, 1857.
Drilling is completed on the first productive commercial oil well in Titusville, PA, on August 27, 1859.
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