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Decennial Census Historical Facts

1830
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1830

Andrew Jackson

Trail of Tears

La Amistad

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Population

12,860,702 U.S. Resident Population
7.4
Population per square mile of land area
33.5
Percent increase of population from 1820 to 1830
24
Number of States

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The 1830 Census

Cost $12,860,702
Cost per Capita (cents) 7.4
Total Pages in Published Reports 214
Number of Enumerators 1,519 (43 office staff)
Census Bureau Director Martin Van Buren
Number of Questions on the Questionnaire 12
Number of Questions on the Long Form N/A

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10 Largest Urban Places

Rank
Place
Population
1
New York City, NY 202,589
2
Baltimore, MD 80,620
3
Philadelphia, PA 80,462
4
Boston town, MA 61,392
5
New Orleans, LA 46,082
6
Charleston, SC 30,289
7
Northern Liberties township, PA 28,872
8
Cincinnati, OH 24,831
9
Albany, NY 24,209
10
Southwark district, PA 20,581

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Pop Culture

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  • Poet Emily Dickinson is born on December 10, 1830, in Amherst, MA.
  • In 1831, Alexis de Tocqueville and his friend Gustave de Beaumont spent nine months touring America. The book that de Tocqueville wrote following the trip, Democracy in America, is published in 1835.
  • The first reported bank robbery in U.S. history occurs at the City Bank of New York on March 19, 1831.
  • Democrat Andrew Jackson is re-elected president over his opponents, gathering 216 electoral votes to National Republican candidate Henry Clay's 49.
  • The first attempted assassination of a U.S. president (Andrew Jackson) fails when Richard Lawrence's gun misfires on January 30, 1835.
  • Cyrus McCormick patents "Improvement in Machines for Reaping Small Grain" (a horse-drawn grain reaper) on June 21, 1834.
  • P.T. Barnum begins his first circus tour of the United States on June 2, 1835.
  • The Mexican Army and militia (loyal to Texas) battle for the Alamo from February 23 to March 6, 1836, in San Antonio, TX. Less than 2 months later (April 21), the Texans capture Santa Anna at the Battle of San Jacinto and kill approximately 650 Mexican soldiers.
  • Following months of increasing inflation and shrinking credit, the Panic of 1837 begins, causing widespread bank failures and unemployment.
  • During 1838, the forced removal of 15,000-17,000 Cherokee Indians from Georgia on the "Trail of Tears" results in an estimated 4,000-8,000 deaths.
  • Charles Goodyear invents vulcanized rubber in 1839.
  • On July 2, 1839, Sengbe Pieh and 56 fellow Africans mutiny aboard the ship La Armistad enroute to Cuba. The ship is captured off Long Island, NY, and the resulting U.S. Supreme Court case rules that since the importation of slaves into the United States had been prohibited since 1808, the mutineers are to be freed.
  • Edgar Allen Poe publishes The Fall of the House of Usher in the September 1839 edition of Burton's Gentleman's Magazine.

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