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Decennial Census Historical Facts

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1800

Lewis & Clark

Louisiana Purchase

Robert Fulton's Steamboat

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Population

5,308,483 U.S. Resident Population
6.1
Population per square mile of land area
35.1
Percent increase of population from 1790 to 1800
16
Number of States

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The 1800 Census

Cost $66,000
Cost per Capita (cents) 1.2
Total Pages in Published Reports 74
Number of Enumerators 900 (est.)
Census Bureau Director John Marshall
Number of Questions on the Questionnaire 6
Number of Questions on the Long Form N/A

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10 Largest Urban Places

Rank
Place
Population
1
New York City, NY 60,515
2
Philadelphia, PA 41,220
3
Baltimore, MD 26,514
4
Boston town, MA 24,937
5
Charleston, SC 18,824
6
Northern Liberties township, PA 10,718
7
Southwark district, PA 9,621
8
Salem town, MA 9,457
9
Providence town, RI 7,614
10
Norfolk borough, VA 6,926

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Pop Culture

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  • John Chapman (a.k.a. Johnny Appleseed) begins handing out apple seeds and seedlings to Ohio settlers in 1800.
  • The U.S. Library of Congress is founded on April 24, 1800.
  • The United States and North African Berber Muslims fight the First Barbary War from 1801 to 1805 in an effort to halt Barbary pirates' attacks upon American merchant shipping.
  • The "District of Columbia Organic Act of 1801" creates the planned city and capital of the United States under the jurisdiction of the U.S. Congress.
  • The first edition of the New York Post is published November 16, 1801.
  • Martha Washington, America's first "First Lady" dies May 22, 1802, at Mount Vernon, VA.
  • Lewis and Clark begin their expedition to map the northwest United States on May 14, 1804.
  • Alexander Hamilton dies following a duel with Vice President Aaron Burr on July 11, 1804.
  • Painter Charles Willson Peale establishes the Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts in 1805.
  • Noah Webster publishes his Compendious Dictionary of the English Language in 1806.
  • President Thomas Jefferson signs "The Act Prohibiting Importation of Slaves of 1807" into law on March 3, 1807, ending the transatlantic slave trade.
  • On April 11, 1803, while negotiating to purchase New Orleans, LA, from the French for $10 million, the U.S. delegation headed by Robert R. Livingston is dumbfounded to be offered the 828,800 square mile "Louisiana Purchase" instead for $15 million. Livingston accepts without consulting President Thomas Jefferson to prevent Napoleon from rescinding the offer.
  • On February 11, 1809, Robert Fulton patents his steamboat and soon after begins offering services on major rivers and the Chesapeake Bay.
  • Future 16th President of the United States Abraham Lincoln is born on February 12, 1809, in Hardin County, KY.
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