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Decennial Census Historical Facts

1950
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1950

Sun Records

1950s Cadillac tail fin

Rosa Parks

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Population

151,325,798 U.S. Resident Population
42.6
Population per square mile of land area
14.5
Percent increase of population from 1940 to 1950
48
Number of States

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The 1950 Census

Cost $91,462,000
Cost per Capita (cents) 60.4
Total Pages in Published Reports 61,700
Number of Enumerators 142,962
Census Bureau Director Roy Victor Peel
Number of Questions on the Questionnaire N/A
Number of Questions on the Long Form N/A

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10 Largest Urban Places

Rank
Place
Population
1
New York City, NY 7,891,957
2
Chicago, IL 3,620,962
3
Philadelphia, PA 2,071,605
4
Los Angeles, CA 1,970,358
5
Detroit, MI 1,849,568
6
Baltimore, MD 949,708
7
Cleveland, OH 914,808
8
St. Louis, MO 856,796
9
Washington, DC 802,178
10
Boston, MA 801,444

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Pop Culture

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  • RCA broadcasts the first color television program on June 25, 1951.
  • Sam Phillips opens the "Sun Records" record label in Memphis, TN, March 27, 1952.
  • Francis Crick and James Watson discover the spiral structure of DNA on February 28, 1953, and report the findings in Nature on April 25, 1953.
  • Memphis DJ Dewey Phillips introduced radio listeners to Elvis Presley on On July 8, 1953, when he played "That's All Right" on his "Red, Hot, and Blue show."
  • Ernest Hemingway's The Old Man and the Sea receives a 1953 Pulitzer Prize. In 1954, the author is awarded the Nobel Prize in Literature.
  • The USS Nautilus, the first nuclear submarine, launches on January 21, 1954.
  • On December 1, 1955, Rosa Parks refuses to vacate her seat aboard a Montgomery, AL, bus.
  • Fred Gipson publishes the novel, Old Yeller in 1956 and receives a Newbury Honor in 1957.
  • CBS debuts Leave It to Beaver on October 4, 1957.
  • Brazil wins its first Federation Internationale de Football Association (FIFA) World Cup, beating Sweden 5-2, on June 29, 1958.
  • Alaska and Hawaii become the 49th and 50th states, respectively, in 1959.
  • Rod Serling's Twilight Zone begins airing October 2, 1959.

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