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Decennial Census Historical Facts

1790
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1790

George Washington

1790 Census

USS Constitution

Component ID: #ti1975237074

Population

3,929,214 U.S. Resident Population
4.5
Population per square mile of land area
N/A
Percent increase of population
13
Number of States

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The 1790 Census

Cost $44,000
Cost per Capita (cents) 1.1
Total Pages in Published Reports 56
Number of Enumerators 650 (est.)
Census Bureau Director Thomas Jefferson
Number of Questions on the Questionnaire 6
Number of Questions on the Long Form N/A

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10 Largest Urban Places

Rank
Place
Population
1
New York City, NY 33,131
2
Philadelphia, PA 28,522
3
Boston town, MA 18,320
4
Charleston, SC 16,359
5
Baltimore, MD 13,503
6
Northern Liberties township, PA 9,913
7
Salem town, MA 7,921
8
Newport town, RI 6,716
9
Providence town, RI 6,380
10
Marblehead town, MA
Southwark district, PA
5,661

Component ID: #ti172713719

Pop Culture

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  • President George Washington delivers the first "State of the Union Address" on January 8, 1790.
  • Benjamin Franklin dies on April 17, 1790 in Philadelphia, PA.
  • Washington, DC, is established as the capital of the United States, in 1791.
  • The U.S. Post Office Department is established on February 20, 1792.
  • In October 1794, federal troops put an end to the "Whiskey Rebellion," after distillers in the Appalacian region of the United States resisted paying a tax on distilled spirits.
  • Eli Whitney is granted a patent for the cotton gin, which cleans seed from cotton, on March 14, 1794.
  • The USS Constitution ("Old Ironsides") launches as part of the U.S. Navy in 1797 and sails to the Mediterranean Sea to protect American merchant vessels from Barbary pirates.
  • Construction begins on Fort McHenry in 1798. Sixteen years later, Francis Scott Key pens "The Star Spangled Banner" during its bombardment by British forces.
  • George Washington, first President of the United States, dies at Mount Vernon, VA, on December 14, 1799.

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