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Decennial Census Historical Facts

1900
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1900

"Teddy" Roosevelt

Wright Brothers

Ford Model T

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Population

76,212,168 U.S. Resident Population
21.5
Population per square mile of land area
21.0
Percent increase of population from 1890 to 1900
45
Number of States

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The 1900 Census

Cost $11,854,000
Cost per Capita (cents) 15.5
Total Pages in Published Reports 10,925
Number of Enumerators 52,871
Census Bureau Director William Rush Merriam
Number of Questions on the Questionnaire 28
Number of Questions on the Long Form N/A

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10 Largest Urban Places

Rank
Place
Population
1
New York City, NY 3,437,202
2
Chicago, IL 1,698,575
3
Philadelphia, PA 1,293,697
4
St. Louis, MO 575,238
5
Boston, MA 560,892
6
Baltimore, MD 508,957
7
Cleveland, OH 381,768
8
Buffalo, NY 352,387
9
San Francisco, CA 342,782
10
Cincinnati, OH 325,902

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Pop Culture

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  • Kodak® introduces the "Brownie" camera in February 1900.
  • On September 6, 1901, Leon Czolgosz shot President William McKinley. He died at 2:15 a.m. on September 14 and Vice-President Theodore Roosevelt was sworn in as president later that day.
  • Composer and musician Scott Joplin publishes The Entertainer in 1902.
  • The January 22, 1903, Hay-Herran Treaty grants the United States a renewable lease in perpetuity from Colombia on the land proposed for the Panama Canal.
  • On February 14, 1903, the U.S. Census Bureau becomes part of the new U.S. Department of Commerce and Labor.
  • The first silent film, The Great Train Robbery, debuts in 1903.
  • Orville and Wilbur Wright are first to fly a controlled, powered, and sustained heavier-than-air aiairplaine at Kitty Hawk, NC, on December 17, 1903.
  • Prominent civil and women's rights leader Susan B. Anthony dies on March 13, 1906.
  • The first underground portion of the New York City subway opens on October 27, 1904.
  • At 5:12 a.m. on April 18, 1906, the "Great San Francisco Earthquake" strikes.
  • Artist Pablo Picasso introduces Cubism in 1907.
  • An explosion in West Virginia's Monongah Mine on December 6, 1907, becomes the nation's worst industrial disaster. The "official" number of deaths was 362 adult and child miners, but later estimates exceed 500.
  • Henry Ford begins production of the Model T in 1908.
  • The National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) is founded on February 12, 1909.
  • The U.S. Mint introduces the "Lincoln Head" penny in 1909.

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