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Decennial Census Historical Facts

1810
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1810

John Jacob Astor

War of 1812

Steamship USS Savannah

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Population

7,239,881 U.S. Resident Population
4.3
Population per square mile of land area
36.4
Percent increase of population from 1800 to 1810
17
Number of States

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The 1810 Census

Cost $178,000
Cost per Capita (cents) 2.4
Total Pages in Published Reports 469
Number of Enumerators 1,100 (est.)
Census Bureau Director Robert Smith
Number of Questions on the Questionnaire 7
Number of Questions on the Long Form N/A

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10 Largest Urban Places

Rank
Place
Population
1
New York City, NY 96,373
2
Philadelphia, PA 53,722
3
Baltimore, MD 46,555
4
Boston town, MA 33,787
5
Charleston, SC 24,711
6
Northern Liberties township, PA 19,874
7
New Orleans, LA 17,242
8
Southwark district, PA 13,707
9
Salem town, MA 12,613
10
Albany, NY 10,762

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Pop Culture

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  • On June 23, 1810, John Jacob Astor founds the Pacific Fur Company. The success of this trading company would make him the United States' first multi-millionaire and even when adjusted for inflation, one of the richest men in American history.
  • Steam-powered ferry service between New York City and Hoboken, NJ, begins on October 11, 1811.
  • On November 6, 1811, American troops led by William Henry Harrison defeat the American Indian chief Tecumseh at the Battle of Tippecanoe.
  • A magnitude 8.3 earthquake (the strongest ever recorded in the continental United States) strikes near New Madrid, MO, temporarily reversing the course of the Mississippi River on February 2, 1812.
  • On September 23, 1815, the "Great September Gail of 1815" begins in New England, marking the first hurricane (a category 3) to strike the region since 1635.
  • Construction begins on the Erie Canal in Rome, NY, on July 4, 1817.
  • British soldiers burn the White House and other government buildings on August 24, 1814.
  • Francis Scott Key writes "The Star Spangled Banner" while witnessing the September 13-14, 1814, bombardment of Fort McHenry in Baltimore Harbor.
  • The thirteen stars and stripes configuration of the U.S. flag is officially adopted by Congress on April 4, 1818.
  • The American steamship "Savannah" crosses the Atlantic Ocean in 29 days.
  • Thomas Jefferson founds the University of Virginia on January 25, 1819.
  • The first installment of Washington Irving's Rip Van Winkle appears in the May 1819 edition of The Sketch Book.

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